Ambulatory transcutaneous carbon dioxide monitoring for children with neuromuscular disease

J. Shi, J. Chiang, M. Ambreen, N. Snow, C. Mocanu, L. Mcadam, R.s. Goldstein, L. Rose, R. Amin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
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Early screening and diagnosis of nocturnal hypoventilation can slow progression to diurnal hypercapnia and mortality in children with neuromuscular disease (NMD). However, gold standard, laboratory-based polysomnography (PSG) testing is a limited resource. Therefore, we evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of ambulatory transcutaneous carbon dioxide (tcCO2) monitoring used in the home compared to PSG in children with NMD.

Prospective, cross-sectional study in children 0–18 years old with a confirmed diagnosis of NMD and a clinically indicated need for PSG. Ambulatory tcCO2 was assessed by a respiratory therapist in participant's homes. Demographics, and PSG (including tcCO2).

We enrolled 39 children with NMD; 3 had unusable ambulatory tcCO2 data because of failure of drift correction on the machine (n = 2) or an air bubble (n = 1). The remaining 36 patients aged 11 months to 16 years (median (IQR) 12.5 years (6.0–15.8)) had ambulatory tcCO2 and outpatient level 1 PSG data. Ambulatory tcCO2 monitoring had a sensitivity of 20.0% (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.5–71.6%) and a specificity of 93.5% (95% CI 78.6–99.2%). Almost all children and/or parents (34/36, 94%) preferred ambulatory monitoring over in-hospital PSG.

Ambulatory transcutaneous carbon dioxide monitoring was not sufficiently accurate as a clinical tool for the diagnosis of nocturnal hypoventilation our cohort of children with neuromuscular disease despite being preferred over PSG by both children and parents.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-227
Number of pages7
Early online date2 Nov 2022
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023


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