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An Alu-mediated 31.5-kb deletion as the cause of factor XI deficiency in 2 unrelated patients

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M Mitchell, L T Dai, G Savidge, A Alhaq

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2394 - 2396
Number of pages3
JournalBlood
Volume104
Issue number8
DOIs
Published15 Oct 2004

King's Authors

Abstract

Factor XI deficiency (MIM 264900) is an autosomal bleeding disorder of variable severity. Inheritance is not completely recessive as heterozygotes may display a distinct, if mild, bleeding tendency. Recent studies have shown the causative mutations of factor XI deficiency, outside the Ashkenazi Jewish population, to be highly heterogeneous. We studied 39 consecutively referred patients with factor XI deficiency to identify the molecular defect. Conventional mutation screening failed to identify a causative mutation in 4 of the 39 patients. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-transformed cells from these 4 patients were converted from a diploid to haploid chromosome complement. Subsequent analysis showed that 2 of the patients had a large deletion, which was masked in the heterozygous state by the presence of a normal allele. We report here the first confirmed whole gene deletion as the causative mutation of factor XI deficiency, the result of unequal homologous recombination between flanking Alu repeat sequences. (C) 2004 by The American Society of Hematology.

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