An antibody combination that targets activated T cells extends graft survival in sensitized recipients

R. E. Greenlaw, N. J. Gardner, C. A. Farrar, Hina Shariff, S. H. Sacks, H. Yagita, E. Simpson, S. Jurcevic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Memory T cells are the very essence of adaptive immunity with their rapid and efficient response to antigen rechallenge and long-term persistence. However, it is becoming increasingly evident that when primed with self or transplanted tissue, these cells play a key role in causing and perpetuating tissue damage. Furthermore, current treatments, which efficiently control the naive response, have limited effects on primed T cells. We have used a treatment based on a combination of antibodies specific for molecules expressed by activated T lymphocytes to selectively remove these cells. This approach, which we termed multi-hit therapy, leads to cumulative binding of antibodies to the target T cells and a striking prolongation of skin graft survival in presensitized recipients in a stringent skin transplant model. The findings are consistent with the depletion of graft-specific CD4+ and CD8+ T cells, although other modes of action, such as T-cell regulation and altered migration could play a role. In conclusion, our therapeutic strategy controls primed T cells which are a major driving force in the pathology of many autoimmune diseases and in transplant rejection.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberN/A
Pages (from-to)2272 - 2282
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Transplantation
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2008


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