An automated method for the measurement of a range of tyrosine kinase inhibitors in human plasma or serum using turbulent flow liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry

Lewis Couchman, M. Birch, Robin Ireland, A. Corrigan, S. Wickramasinghe, Debra Josephs, James Spicer, Bob Flanagan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

67 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are used to treat a number of cancers, including chronic myeloid leukaemia and hepatocellular carcinoma. Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) may be indicated to (1) monitor adherence, (2) guide dosage, and (3) minimise the risk of drug-drug interactions and dose-related toxicity. On-line, automated sample preparation provided by TurboFlow technology (ThermoFisher Scientific) in conjunction with the sensitivity and selectivity of tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) detection may be applied to the analysis of single drugs and metabolites. We report the use of TurboFlow LC-MS/MS for the analysis of nine TKIs and metabolites (imatinib, -desmethylimatinib, dasatinib, nilotinib, erlotinib, gefitinib, lapatinib, sorafenib, sunitinib) in human plasma or serum for TDM purposes. An Aria Transcend TLX-II system coupled with a TSQ Vantage was used. Samples (50 mu L) were vortex mixed with internal standard solution (150 mu L imatinib-D-8, gefitinib-D-8, sunitinib-D-10, and nilotinib-C-13 (2) (15) N-2 in acetonitrile) and, after centrifugation 100 mu L supernatant were injected directly onto a 50 x 0.5-mm Cyclone TurboFlow column. Analytes were focussed onto a 50 x 2.1-mm (3 mu m) Hypersil GOLD analytical column and eluted with an acetonitrile/water gradient. Analytes were monitored in selected reaction monitoring mode (positive APCI). Total analysis time was 7 min without multiplexing. Calibration was linear ( (2) > 0.99) for all analytes. Inter- and intra-assay precision (in percent relative standard deviation, RSD) was <11 % and accuracy 89-117 % for all analytes. No matrix effects were observed. This method is suitable for high-throughput TDM in patients undergoing chronic therapy with TKIs and has been utilised in the analysis of clinical samples.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1685-1695
Number of pages11
JournalANALYTICAL AND BIOANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY
Volume403
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2012

Keywords

  • TurboFlow MS/MS
  • TKIs
  • Imatinib
  • Dasatinib
  • Nilotinib
  • TDM
  • Automated sample preparation
  • CLINICAL PHARMACOKINETICS
  • IMATINIB
  • DRUG
  • QUANTIFICATION
  • LAPATINIB
  • GEFITINIB
  • CANCER
  • FOCUS

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