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To assess the role of live porcine simulation in robotic surgical skills training. A qualitative and quantitative survey was conducted of participants of a live porcine robotic simulation course undertaken in a regional training centre. Data on participants' experience, robotic surgical ability, the educational impact and outcomes from the course were collected. Thirty-nine participants from four different countries completed the survey. Clinical experience varied; however, prior robotic surgical experience (median 0 cases, range 0-100) and technical ability were low. The perceived usefulness, effectiveness and realism of the training course were all highly scored. Participants rated the most useful course components as port placement and docking, basic robotic skills training and repair of a bladder injury. Training resulted in significant increases in technical ability (p < 0.0001). Following the course, 49% of participants continued to either train or perform robotic surgery. This survey demonstrates that live porcine simulation for robotic surgery is a highly valued, acceptable and feasible form of training. The majority of participants were relatively inexperienced but nonetheless significant improvements in technical ability were reported. The results of this survey support the use of live porcine training for robotic surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)429-434
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of robotic surgery
Issue number3
Early online date11 Jul 2020
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021


  • Live porcine simulation
  • Robotic surgery
  • Simulation
  • Surgical training
  • Survey


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