Methods: The sample (445 cases and 265 controls) was genotyped on the Illumina HumanCore Exome BeadChip with an additional 828 controls of African ancestry genotyped on the Illumina MEGA array. To calculate PRS, we used the results from the latest Psychiatric Genomics Consortium (PGC2) schizophrenia meta-analysis. We examined the association of PRS with case-control status and with schizophrenia versus other psychoses in European and African ancestry FEP and in a second sample of 248 cases with chronic psychosis.
Results: PRS had good discriminative ability of case-control status in FEP European ancestry individuals (9.4% of the variance explained, p<10-6), but lower (R2=1.1%, p=0.004) in individuals of African ancestry. Furthermore, PRS distinguished European ancestry cases who went on to acquire a schizophrenia diagnosis from those who developed other psychotic disorders (R2=9.2%, p=0.002).
Conclusions: PRS was a powerful predictor of case-control status in a European sample of patients with FEP, even though a large proportion did not have an established diagnosis of schizophrenia at the time of assessment. PRS was significantly different between those cases who developed schizophrenia from those who did not, although the discriminative accuracy may not yet be sufficient for clinical utility in, e.g., first episode psychosis.