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An expanded role for heterozygous mutations of ABCB4, ABCB11, ATP8B1, ABCC2 and TJP2 in intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy

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Peter H. Dixon, Melissa Sambrotta, Jennifer Chambers, Pamela Taylor-Harris, Argyro Syngelaki, Kypros Nicolaides, A. S. Knisely, Richard J. Thompson, Catherine Williamson

Original languageEnglish
Article number11823
Number of pages8
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
Early online date18 Sep 2017
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 18 Sep 2017


King's Authors


Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) affects 1/140 UK pregnancies; with pruritus, hepatic impairment and elevated serum bile acids. Severe disease is complicated by spontaneous preterm delivery and stillbirth. Previous studies have reported mutations in hepatocellular transporters (ABCB4, ABCB11). High throughput sequencing in 147 patients was performed in the transporters ABCB4, ABCB11, ATP8B1, ABCC2 and tight junction protein 2 (TJP2). Twenty-six potentially damaging variants were identified with the following predicted protein changes: Twelve ABCB4 mutations - Arg47Gln, Met113Val, Glu161Gly, Thr175Ala, Glu528Glyfs∗6, Arg590Gln, Ala601Ser, Glu884Ter, Gly722Ala, Tyr775Met (x2), Trp854Ter. Four potential ABCB11 mutations - Glu297Gly (x3) and a donor splice site mutation (intron 19). Five potential ATP8B1 mutations - Asn45Thr (x3), and two others, Glu114Gln and Lys203Glu. Two ABCC2 mutations - Glu1352Ala and a duplication (exons 24 and 25). Three potential mutations were identified in TJP2; Thr62Met (x2) and Thr626Ser. No patient harboured more than one mutation. All were heterozygous. An additional 545 cases were screened for the potential recurrent mutations of ATP8B1 (Asn45Thr) and TJP2 (Thr62Met) identifying three further occurrences of Asn45Thr. This study has expanded known mutations in ABCB4 and ABCB11 and identified roles in ICP for mutations in ATP8B1 and ABCC2. Possible novel mutations in TJP2 were also discovered.

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