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An impedance pneumography signal quality index: Design, assessment and application to respiratory rate monitoring

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Peter H Charlton, Timothy Bonnici, Lionel Tarassenko, David A Clifton, Richard Beale, Peter J Watkinson, Jordi Alastruey

Original languageEnglish
Article number102339
Pages (from-to)102339
JournalBiomedical Signal Processing and Control
Volume65
DOIs
Accepted/In press15 Nov 2020
Published1 Mar 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information: This work was supported by a UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) Impact Acceleration Award awarded to PHC; the EPSRC [ EP/H019944/1 ]; the Wellcome EPSRC Centre for Medical Engineering at King’s College London [ WT 203148/Z/16/Z ]; the Oxford and King’s College London Centres of Excellence in Medical Engineering funded by the Wellcome Trust and EPSRC under grants [ WT88877/Z/09/Z ] and [ WT088641/Z/09/Z ]; the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Biomedical Research Centre based at Guy’s & St Thomas’ NHS Foundation Trust and King’s College London ; the NIHR Oxford Biomedical Research Centre Programme; a Royal Academy of Engineering Research Fellowship (RAEng) awarded to DAC ; and EPSRC grants EP/P009824/1 and EP/N020774/1 to DAC. The views expressed are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the EPSRC, Wellcome Trust, NIHR, NHS or RAEng. Funding Information: This work was supported by a UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) Impact Acceleration Award awarded to PHC; the EPSRC [EP/H019944/1]; the Wellcome EPSRC Centre for Medical Engineering at King's College London [WT 203148/Z/16/Z]; the Oxford and King's College London Centres of Excellence in Medical Engineering funded by the Wellcome Trust and EPSRC under grants [WT88877/Z/09/Z] and [WT088641/Z/09/Z]; the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Biomedical Research Centre based at Guy's & St Thomas? NHS Foundation Trust and King's College London; the NIHR Oxford Biomedical Research Centre Programme; a Royal Academy of Engineering Research Fellowship (RAEng) awarded to DAC; and EPSRC grantsEP/P009824/1 and EP/N020774/1 to DAC. The views expressed are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the EPSRC, Wellcome Trust, NIHR, NHS or RAEng. Publisher Copyright: © 2020 Copyright: Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

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Abstract

Impedance pneumography (ImP) is widely used for respiratory rate (RR) monitoring. However, ImP-derived RRs can be imprecise. The aim of this study was to develop a signal quality index (SQI) for the ImP signal, and couple it with a RR algorithm, to improve RR monitoring. An SQI was designed which identifies candidate breaths and assesses signal quality using: the variation in detected breath durations, how well peaks and troughs are defined, and the similarity of breath morphologies. The SQI categorises 32 s signal segments as either high or low quality. Its performance was evaluated using two critical care datasets. RRs were estimated from high-quality segments using a RR algorithm, and compared with reference RRs derived from manual annotations. The SQI had a sensitivity of 77.7 %, and specificity of 82.3 %. RRs estimated from segments classified as high quality were accurate and precise, with mean absolute errors of 0.21 and 0.40 breaths per minute (bpm) on the two datasets. Clinical monitor RRs were significantly less precise. The SQI classified 34.9 % of real-world data as high quality. In conclusion, the proposed SQI accurately identifies high-quality segments, and RRs estimated from those segments are precise enough for clinical decision making. This SQI may improve RR monitoring in critical care. Further work should assess it with wearable sensor data.

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