An Observational Study of Acute Stroke Care in Four Countries: The European Registers of Stroke Study

I. Wellwood, P. Langhorne, C. McKevitt, J. Bernhardt, A. G. Rudd, C. D. A. Wolfe

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26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The European Registers Of Stroke (EROS) project aimed to assess outcomes of stroke care across Europe, relating these to both case mix information from disease-specific population registers and the quality of stroke care provided at each centre. This included comparing information on quality of care with direct observation of the stroke care process in 4 centres. Methods: Direct non-participant observational methods were used on a purposive sample of first-stroke patients admitted within the past 14 days to an acute-stroke unit or ward that admits stroke patients in 4 urban hospital sites in London, UK, Dijon, France, Kaunas, Lithuania, and St. Petersburg, Russia. We recorded patient characteristics with levels of contact with multi-disciplinary team (MDT) members and contact with families and mobilization to build a collection of 'snapshots' of stroke care throughout the patients' day. One independent observer undertook all observations over 1 day. Results: We observed differences between centres in the proportion of observations where patients were alone (lowest proportion in London, highest proportion in St. Petersburg) (p > 0.001), where patients had contact with MDT members (p > 0.001) and family, and where patients were out of bed/mobile (p > 0.001) (both with highest proportion in London, lowest proportion in St. Petersburg). Conclusions: Higher levels of contact with the MDT, family contact and mobilization were observed in the Western European centres than the Eastern European and Russian centres. Differences in case mix may explain some, but not all, of these differences. Direct observation has some limitations; however, it could be developed in future studies to help identify other key aspects of effective stroke care. Copyright (C) 2009 S. Karger AG, Basel
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)171 - 176
Number of pages6
JournalCEREBROVASCULAR DISEASES
Volume28
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2009

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