An Online Acceptance, Commitment, and Self-Compassion based Treatment to Decrease Psychological Distress in People with Type 2 Diabetes: A feasibility randomised-controlled trial

Aysenur Kilic*, Joanna Hudson, Whitney Scott, Lance M. McCracken, Ruth Hackett, Lyndsay Hughes

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and purpose
This study explored the feasibility and acceptability of conducting a larger trial of a self-guided, online self-compassion and acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) focused treatment among people with type 2 diabetes (T2D) to decrease psychological distress.

Materials and methods
This study was a two-arm, parallel, feasibility randomised controlled trial with nested qualitative methods. UK adults with T2D were randomly (1:1) allocated to a five-week online self-compassion and ACT treatment or waitlist control. Information regarding recruitment, trial retention, and treatment completion was collected, and post-treatment semi-structured interviews were conducted to assess feasibility and acceptability. Self-report measures of psychological distress (depression, anxiety, diabetes distress) and potential treatment processes (self-compassion and psychological flexibility) were completed as secondary feasibility outcomes.

Results
Fifty-five (60.44 %) out of 91 people who accessed the study link were eligible to participate. Of these, 33 eligible participants (60 %) were randomly assigned to treatment (n = 19) or control arms (waitlist; n = 14). While treatment completion was 47.37 %, trial retention rates were 39.39 % (5-week follow-up) and 21.2 % (9-week follow-up). Secondary feasibility outcomes of treatment effect estimates are difficult to interpret in light of low treatment completion and trial retention rates.

Conclusion
A larger trial of the self-guided, online self-compassion treatment to decrease psychological distress in people with T2D may be beneficial, but it has limited feasibility in its current form. Further efforts are needed to improve treatment acceptability of online self-compassion and ACT focused treatment and trial procedures.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternet Interventions
Early online date10 Aug 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2023

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