Analyses of the redistribution of work following cardiac resynchronisation therapy in a patient specific model

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Regulation of regional work is essential for efficient cardiac function. In patients with heart failure and electrical dysfunction such as left branch bundle block regional work is often depressed in the septum. Following cardiac resynchronisation therapy (CRT) this heterogeneous distribution of work can be rebalanced by altering the pattern of electrical activation. To investigate the changes in regional work in these patients and the mechanisms underpinning the improved function following CRT we have developed a personalised computational model. Simulations of electromechanical cardiac function in the model estimate the regional stress, strain and work pre- and post-CRT. These simulations predict that the increase in observed work performed by the septum following CRT is not due to an increase in the volume of myocardial tissue recruited during contraction but rather that the volume of recruited myocardium remains the same and the average peak work rate per unit volume increases. These increases in the peak average rate of work is is attributed to slower and more effective contraction in the septum, as opposed to a change in active tension. Model results predict that this improved septal work rate following CRT is a result of resistance to septal contraction provided by the LV free wall. This resistance results in septal shortening over a longer period which, in turn, allows the septum to contract while generating higher levels of active tension to produce a higher work rate.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere43504
Pages (from-to)-
Number of pages9
JournalPL o S One
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 28 Aug 2012


  • Ventricular Remodeling
  • Heart Failure
  • Computer Simulation
  • Humans
  • Electrophysiology
  • Bundle-Branch Block
  • Cardiac Pacing, Artificial
  • Oxygen Consumption
  • Stress, Mechanical
  • Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy
  • Middle Aged
  • Female
  • Heart Ventricles
  • Models, Anatomic


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