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Anti-ictogenic and antiepileptogenic properties of brivaracetam in mature and immature rats

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nina Dupuis, Alain Matagne, Ludovicus Staelens, Pascal Dournaud, Béatrice Desnous, Pierre Gressens, Stéphane Auvin

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)800-5
Number of pages6
JournalEpilepsia
Volume56
Issue number5
Early online date18 May 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2015

King's Authors

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Brivaracetam (BRV) is a new antiepileptic drug candidate rationally designed for high affinity and selectivity for the synaptic vesicle protein 2A. This study explored anti-ictogenic and antiepileptogenic effects of BRV in rats at different stages of development.

METHODS: Using a rapid kindling model in P14, P21, P28, and P60 rats, we studied two doses of BRV: 10 and 100 mg/kg injected intraperitoneally 30 min before afterdischarge assessment. We also assessed blood and brain concentrations of BRV 30 min after the injection.

RESULTS: BRV 100 mg/kg significantly increased the afterdischarge threshold (ADT) at all ages, whereas BRV at 10 mg/kg increased ADT in P60, P28, and P21 rats. BRV also shortens the afterdischarge duration (ADD), achieving statistical significance with 10 and 100 mg/kg at P60 and with 100 mg/kg at P21. At P60, BRV increases the number of stimulations required to achieve a stage 4-5 seizure in a dose-dependent manner. At P28 and P21, BRV increased the number of stimulations required to develop a stage 4-5 seizure in a dose-dependent manner with almost complete elimination of stage 4-5 seizures. In contrast, at P14, BRV had no effect on the number of stage 4-5 seizures. An age-related decrease in blood and brain concentrations of BRV was observed 30 min after injection of BRV 10 mg/kg, whereas with 100 mg/kg there were no significant age-correlated differences in brain and serum BRV concentrations.

SIGNIFICANCE: BRV exerted dose-dependent anti-ictogenic effects from P60 to P14 independent of brain maturation. BRV also exhibited antiepileptogenic effects at P60, whereas this effect need to be further evaluated at P28 and P21. We did not observe any effect on epileptogenesis at P14 at either dose.

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