Antipsychotic prescribing in Black and White hospitalised patients

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Ethnicity may affect the prescribing of antipsychotic treatment. Previous UK studies conducted in south London have found few differences in antipsychotic prescribing quality for Black and White patients. This larger multicentre study examined the effect of ethnicity on antipsychotic prescribing quality in areas serving the largest proportions of Black patients in the UK. A cross-sectional survey with collection of multiple confounding factors potentially affecting outcomes in eight secondary care units in England over a three month period. Participants were Black or White inpatients prescribed regular antipsychotics on the day of the survey. Antipsychotic dose (expressed as a percentage of licensed maximum), high dose (being prescribed antipsychotic medication above maximum dose), polypharmacy (more than one antipsychotic prescribed), type (typical or atypical antipsychotic) and costs were the main outcome measures. Data were collected for 938 patients. There were no significant differences in any outcome by ethnicity: dose (adjusted percentage difference 0.97 [95% confidence interval (CI) -4.28, 6.22], p = 0.72); high dose (adjusted odds ratio (AOR) 0.98 [CI 0.63, 1.51], p = 0.92); polypharmacy prescribed (AOR 1.15 [CI 0.87, 1.51], p = 0.33); polypharmacy administered (AOR 1.08 [CI 0.78, 1.49], p = 0.66); use of typical antipsychotics (AOR 1.25 [CI 0.87, 1.79], p = 0.22); and cost (adjusted effect size 1.75 [CI -9.81, 13.31], p = 0.77). Antipsychotic prescribing practice did not differ between Black and White patients.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)704-709
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Psychopharmacology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2011


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