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Antisense transcripts of V(D)J rearrangements; artifacts caused by false priming?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2357 - 2362
Number of pages6
JournalMolecular Immunology
Volume46
Issue number11-12
DOIs
PublishedJul 2009

King's Authors

Abstract

Somatic hypermutation (SH) of V(D)J rearrangements at the IGH and IGL loci diversifies the IG repertoire during the germinal center response. SH is absolutely dependent on the enzyme activation induced cytidine deaminase (AID) that initiates the SH process by deaminating C nucleotides in ssDNA. Mutations from G and C are thought to occur as a result of strand symmetrical deamination of C by AID on the coding and non-coding strands respectively. Mutations from A and Tare introduced in a strand biased way during error prone repair of the AID induced lesion. SH is linked to transcription and it has been proposed that bidirectional transcription across V(D)J rearrangements occurs in activated and quiescent B cells and that it is co-opted to facilitate the accessibility of the two DNA strands by regulating accessibility of single stranded DNA to AID. We have developed a quantitative method to study directional transcription. Our method controls for differences in efficiency and specificity of reverse transcription that are known to be able to generate false positive data. This method does not detect antisense transcripts in exonic or intronic regions within the hypermutation domain of the spontaneously hypermutating cell line Ramos, or in human blood B cells or tonsil cells, providing convincing evidence that antisense transcripts are rare or absent in human B cells. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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