AoA-Based Pilot Assignment in Massive MIMO Systems Using Deep Reinforcement Learning

Yasaman Omid, Seyed Mohammad Reza Hosseini, Seyyed Mohammad Mahdi Shahabi, Mohammad Shikh-Bahaei, Arumugam Nallanathan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


In this letter, the problem of pilot contamination in a multi-cell massive multiple input multiple output (M-MIMO) system is addressed using deep reinforcement learning (DRL). To this end, a pilot assignment strategy is designed that adapts to the channel variations while maintaining a tolerable pilot contamination effect. Using the angle of arrival (AoA) information of the users, a cost function, portraying the reward, is presented, defining the pilot contamination effects in the system. Numerical results illustrate that the DRL-based scheme is able to track the changes in the environment, learn the near-optimal pilot assignment, and achieve a close performance to that of the optimum pilot assignment performed by exhaustive search, while maintaining a low computational complexity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9454483
Pages (from-to)2948-2952
Number of pages5
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2021


  • Deep Reinforcement Learning
  • Massive MIMO
  • Pilot Assignment
  • Pilot Contamination


Dive into the research topics of 'AoA-Based Pilot Assignment in Massive MIMO Systems Using Deep Reinforcement Learning'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this