TY - JOUR

T1 - Arbitrage-free bilateral counterparty risk valuation under collateralization and application to credit default swaps

AU - Brigo, Damiano

AU - Capponi, Agostino

AU - Pallavicini, Andrea

PY - 2012/6

Y1 - 2012/6

N2 - We develop an arbitrage-free valuation framework for bilateral counterparty risk, where collateral is included with possible rehypothecation. We show that the adjustment is given by the sum of two option payoff terms, where each term depends on the netted exposure, i.e., the difference between the on-default exposure and the predefault collateral account. We then specialize our analysis to credit default swaps (CDS) as underlying portfolios, and construct a numerical scheme to evaluate the adjustment under a doubly stochastic default framework. In particular, we show that for CDS contracts a perfect collateralization cannot be achieved, even under continuous collateralization, if the reference entity’s and counterparty’s default times are dependent. The impact of rehypothecation, collateral margining frequency, and default correlation-induced contagion is illustrated with numerical examples.

AB - We develop an arbitrage-free valuation framework for bilateral counterparty risk, where collateral is included with possible rehypothecation. We show that the adjustment is given by the sum of two option payoff terms, where each term depends on the netted exposure, i.e., the difference between the on-default exposure and the predefault collateral account. We then specialize our analysis to credit default swaps (CDS) as underlying portfolios, and construct a numerical scheme to evaluate the adjustment under a doubly stochastic default framework. In particular, we show that for CDS contracts a perfect collateralization cannot be achieved, even under continuous collateralization, if the reference entity’s and counterparty’s default times are dependent. The impact of rehypothecation, collateral margining frequency, and default correlation-induced contagion is illustrated with numerical examples.

U2 - 10.1111/j.1467-9965.2012.00520.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1467-9965.2012.00520.x

M3 - Article

SN - 0960-1627

SP - N/A

JO - MATHEMATICAL FINANCE

JF - MATHEMATICAL FINANCE

ER -