Arbitrarily Parallel Turbo Decoding for Ultra-Reliable Low Latency Communication in 3GPP LTE

L. Xiang, M.F. Brejza, R.G. Maunder, B.M. Al-Hashimi, L. Hanzo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


In order to meet the latency requirements of the ultra-reliable low latency communication (URLLC) mode of the third-generation partnership project's long term evolution (LTE) mobile communication standard, this paper proposes a novel turbo decoding algorithm that supports an arbitrarily high degree of parallel processing, facilitating significantly higher processing throughputs and substantially lower processing latencies than the state-of-the-art (SOTA) LTE turbo decoder. As in conventional turbo decoding algorithms, the proposed Arbitrarily Parallel Turbo Decoder (APTD) decomposes each frame of information bits into a sequence of windows, where the bits within different windows are processed simultaneously using forward and backward recursions in a serial manner. However, in contrast to conventional turbo decoding algorithms, the APTD does not require different windows to be composed of an identical number of bits, which allows the use of an arbitrary number of windows and hence an arbitrary degree of parallelism, when decoding information bits of an arbitrary frame length. Furthermore, conventional turbo decoding algorithms alternate between simultaneously processing the windows in the upper decoder and those in the lower decoder. By contrast, the APTD processes the odd-indexed windows in the upper decoder at the same time as the even-indexed windows in the lower decoder and alternates between this and the reversed arrangement, hence further improving the decoding throughput and latency. Furthermore, the APTD achieves a reduced hardware resource requirement by calculating the extrinsic information based only on the outputs of the forward recursions, rather than based on both the forward and backward recursions of conventional turbo decoding algorithms. We demonstrate that the proposed APTD achieves superior latency, throughput, and computational efficiency than the SOTA LTE turbo decoder at all frame lengths, but particularly at the short frame lengths that are typically used in URLLC approaches. For example, at a frame length of N = 504 bits, the proposed APTD achieves an FER of 10 -5 at the same E b /N 0 as I = 8 iterations of a conventional turbo decoder but with a computational efficiency that is 6 times higher than that of the SOTA turbo decoder, while achieving a latency and throughput that are 0.7 and 1.4 times those of the SOTA decoder, respectively.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)826-838
JournalIEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications
Issue number4
Early online date11 Feb 2019
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2019


Dive into the research topics of 'Arbitrarily Parallel Turbo Decoding for Ultra-Reliable Low Latency Communication in 3GPP LTE'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this