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Argumentation schemes for clinical decision support

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)329-355
Number of pages27
JournalArgument and Computation
Issue number3
Published10 Nov 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information: This research was partially funded by the UK Engineering & Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) under grant #EP/P010105/1. The authors are grateful for the help and advice from Dr Mark Ashworth, who provided invaluable input on the clinical aspects of this work. Publisher Copyright: © 2021-The authors. Published by IOS Press.

King's Authors


This paper demonstrates how argumentation schemes can be used in decision support systems that help clinicians in making treatment decisions. The work builds on the use of computational argumentation, a rigorous approach to reasoning with complex data that places strong emphasis on being able to justify and explain the decisions that are recommended. The main contribution of the paper is to present a novel set of specialised argumentation schemes that can be used in the context of a clinical decision support system to assist in reasoning about what treatments to offer. These schemes provide a mechanism for capturing clinical reasoning in such a way that it can be handled by the formal reasoning mechanisms of formal argumentation. The paper describes how the integration between argumentation schemes and formal argumentation may be carried out, sketches how this is achieved by an implementation that we have created and illustrates the overall process on a small set of case studies.

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