Arrhythmogenic vulnerability of re-entrant pathways in post-infarct ventricular tachycardia assessed by advanced computational modelling

Pranav Bhagirath*, Fernando O. Campos, Pieter G. Postema, Michiel J.B. Kemme, Arthur A.M. Wilde, Anton J. Prassl, Aurel Neic, Christopher A. Rinaldi, Marco J.W. Götte, Gernot Plank, Martin J. Bishop

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims Substrate assessment of scar-mediated ventricular tachycardia (VT) is frequently performed using late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) images. Although this provides structural information about critical pathways through the scar, assessing the vulnerability of these pathways for sustaining VT is not possible with imaging alone. This study evaluated the performance of a novel automated re-entrant pathway finding algorithm to non-invasively predict VT circuit and inducibility. Methods Twenty post-infarct VT-Ablation patients were included for retrospective analysis. Commercially available software (ADAS3D left ventricular) was used to generate scar maps from 2D-LGE images using the default 40 60 pixel-signal-intensity (PSI) threshold. In addition, algorithm sensitivity for altered thresholds was explored using PSI 45 55, 35 65, and 30 70. Simulations were performed on the Virtual Induction and Treatment of Arrhythmias (VITA) framework to identify potential sites of block and assess their vulnerability depending on the automatically computed round-Trip-Time (RTT). Metrics, indicative of substrate complexity, were correlated with VT-recurrence during follow-up. Results Total VTs (85 ± 43 vs. 42 ± 27) and unique VTs (9 ± 4 vs. 5 ± 4) were significantly higher in patients with-compared to patients without recurrence, and were predictive of recurrence with area under the curve of 0.820 and 0.770, respectively. VITA was robust to scar threshold variations with no significant impact on total and unique VTs, and mean RTT between the four models. Simulation metrics derived from PSI 45 55 model had the highest number of parameters predictive for post-Ablation VT-recurrence. Conclusion Advanced computational metrics can non-invasively and robustly assess VT substrate complexity, which may aid personalized clinical planning and decision-making in the treatment of post-infarction VT.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbereuad198
JournalEuropace
Volume25
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2023

Keywords

  • In-silico simulations
  • Late-enhancement MRI
  • Ventricular tachycardia

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