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Arterial-ventricular coupling and parameters of vascular stiffness in hypertensive patients: Role of gender

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Luca Faconti, Rosa Maria Bruno, Simona Buralli, Marta Barzacchi, Elisa Dal Canto, Lorenzo Ghiadoni, Stefano Taddei

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2048004017692277
JournalJRSM cardiovascular disease
Early online date1 Feb 2017
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 1 Feb 2017


King's Authors


OBJECTIVE: Non-invasive estimation of arterial-ventricular coupling has been extensively used for the evaluation of cardiovascular performance, however, a relative small amount of data is available regarding arterial-ventricular coupling and its components in hypertension. The present study was designed to investigate the relationship between left ventricular elastance, arterial elastance, parameters of vascular stiffness and the influence of gender in a population of hypertensive individuals.

METHODS: In 102 patients, trans-thoracic cardiac ultrasound, parameters of aortic stiffness (carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity) and wave reflection (augmentation index) were recorded. Ultrasound images of common carotid arteries were acquired for the assessment of intima-media thickness as well as carotid compliance and distensibility coefficient.

RESULTS: Mean age was 61 years, 32% diabetes, 56% dyslipidemia, 9% previous cardiovascular events; women (n = 32) and men were superimposable for cardiovascular risk factors prevalence. In the population, ventricular elastance was significantly correlated with arterial elastance (r = 0.887), age (r = 0.334), gender (r = -0.494), BMI (r = -0.313), augmentation index (r = 0.479) (all p < 0.001); and with carotid compliance and distensibility coefficient (r = 0.229 and r = - 0.250, respectively, both p < 0.05); however, only arterial elastance and gender were independently associated with ventricular elastance in multiple regression models adjusted for confounding factors. Gender-specific analysis revealed that arterial elastance and augmentation index remained statistically significant associated with ventricular elastance in men (r = 0.275, p = 0.04); instead augmentation index was no longer significant (r = 0.052, p = 0.77) in the female sex.

CONCLUSIONS: In hypertensive patients, main determinants of ventricular elastance are arterial elastance, as an integrated index of arterial vascular load, and gender; however, pressure augmentation might play an additional role in men.

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