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Assessing the application of knowledge in clinical problem-solving: The structured professional reasoning exercise

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Assessing the application of knowledge in clinical problem-solving : The structured professional reasoning exercise. / Escudier, M. P.; Woolford, M. J.; Tricio, J. A.

In: European Journal of Dental Education, Vol. 22, No. 2, 01.05.2018, p. e269-e277.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Escudier, MP, Woolford, MJ & Tricio, JA 2018, 'Assessing the application of knowledge in clinical problem-solving: The structured professional reasoning exercise', European Journal of Dental Education, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. e269-e277. https://doi.org/10.1111/eje.12286

APA

Escudier, M. P., Woolford, M. J., & Tricio, J. A. (2018). Assessing the application of knowledge in clinical problem-solving: The structured professional reasoning exercise. European Journal of Dental Education, 22(2), e269-e277. https://doi.org/10.1111/eje.12286

Vancouver

Escudier MP, Woolford MJ, Tricio JA. Assessing the application of knowledge in clinical problem-solving: The structured professional reasoning exercise. European Journal of Dental Education. 2018 May 1;22(2):e269-e277. https://doi.org/10.1111/eje.12286

Author

Escudier, M. P. ; Woolford, M. J. ; Tricio, J. A. / Assessing the application of knowledge in clinical problem-solving : The structured professional reasoning exercise. In: European Journal of Dental Education. 2018 ; Vol. 22, No. 2. pp. e269-e277.

Bibtex Download

@article{e078a79e5a16423ba49f75f5358708c7,
title = "Assessing the application of knowledge in clinical problem-solving: The structured professional reasoning exercise",
abstract = "Introduction: Clinical reasoning is a fundamental and core clinical competence of healthcare professionals. The study aimed to investigate the utility of the Structured Professional Reasoning Exercise (SPRE), a new competence assessment method designed to measure dental students’ clinical reasoning in simulated scenarios, covering the clinical areas of Oral Disease, Primary Dental Care and Restorative Dentistry, Child Dental Health and Dental Practice and Clinical Governance. Materials and Methods: A total of 313 year-5 students sat for the assessment. Students spent 45 minutes assimilating the scenarios, before rotating through four pairs of 39 trained examiners who each independently assessed a single scenario over a ten-minute period, using a structured marking sheet. After the assessment, all students and examiners were invited to complete an anonymous perception questionnaire of the exercise. These questionnaires and the examination scores were statistically analysed. Results and Discussion: Oral Disease showed the lowest scores; Dental Practice and Governance the highest. The overall Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC) was 0.770, whilst examiner training helped to increase the ICC from 0.716 in 2013 to 0.835 in 2014. Exploratory factor analysis revealed one major factor with an eigenvalue of 2.75 (68.8{\%} of total variance). The Generalizability coefficient was consistent at 0.806. A total of 295 students and 32 examiners completed the perception questionnaire. Students’ lowest examination perceptions were an “Unpleasant” and “Unenjoyable” experience, whilst the highest were “Interesting”, “Valuable” and “Important”. The majority of students and examiners reported the assessment as acceptable, fair and valid. Conclusion: The SPRE offers a reliable, valid and acceptable assessment method, provided it comprises at least four scenarios with two independently marking and trained assessors. 3.",
keywords = "clinical reasoning, simulation, structured assessment",
author = "Escudier, {M. P.} and Woolford, {M. J.} and Tricio, {J. A.}",
year = "2018",
month = "5",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/eje.12286",
language = "English",
volume = "22",
pages = "e269--e277",
journal = "European Journal of Dental Education",
issn = "1396-5883",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "2",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Assessing the application of knowledge in clinical problem-solving

T2 - The structured professional reasoning exercise

AU - Escudier, M. P.

AU - Woolford, M. J.

AU - Tricio, J. A.

PY - 2018/5/1

Y1 - 2018/5/1

N2 - Introduction: Clinical reasoning is a fundamental and core clinical competence of healthcare professionals. The study aimed to investigate the utility of the Structured Professional Reasoning Exercise (SPRE), a new competence assessment method designed to measure dental students’ clinical reasoning in simulated scenarios, covering the clinical areas of Oral Disease, Primary Dental Care and Restorative Dentistry, Child Dental Health and Dental Practice and Clinical Governance. Materials and Methods: A total of 313 year-5 students sat for the assessment. Students spent 45 minutes assimilating the scenarios, before rotating through four pairs of 39 trained examiners who each independently assessed a single scenario over a ten-minute period, using a structured marking sheet. After the assessment, all students and examiners were invited to complete an anonymous perception questionnaire of the exercise. These questionnaires and the examination scores were statistically analysed. Results and Discussion: Oral Disease showed the lowest scores; Dental Practice and Governance the highest. The overall Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC) was 0.770, whilst examiner training helped to increase the ICC from 0.716 in 2013 to 0.835 in 2014. Exploratory factor analysis revealed one major factor with an eigenvalue of 2.75 (68.8% of total variance). The Generalizability coefficient was consistent at 0.806. A total of 295 students and 32 examiners completed the perception questionnaire. Students’ lowest examination perceptions were an “Unpleasant” and “Unenjoyable” experience, whilst the highest were “Interesting”, “Valuable” and “Important”. The majority of students and examiners reported the assessment as acceptable, fair and valid. Conclusion: The SPRE offers a reliable, valid and acceptable assessment method, provided it comprises at least four scenarios with two independently marking and trained assessors. 3.

AB - Introduction: Clinical reasoning is a fundamental and core clinical competence of healthcare professionals. The study aimed to investigate the utility of the Structured Professional Reasoning Exercise (SPRE), a new competence assessment method designed to measure dental students’ clinical reasoning in simulated scenarios, covering the clinical areas of Oral Disease, Primary Dental Care and Restorative Dentistry, Child Dental Health and Dental Practice and Clinical Governance. Materials and Methods: A total of 313 year-5 students sat for the assessment. Students spent 45 minutes assimilating the scenarios, before rotating through four pairs of 39 trained examiners who each independently assessed a single scenario over a ten-minute period, using a structured marking sheet. After the assessment, all students and examiners were invited to complete an anonymous perception questionnaire of the exercise. These questionnaires and the examination scores were statistically analysed. Results and Discussion: Oral Disease showed the lowest scores; Dental Practice and Governance the highest. The overall Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC) was 0.770, whilst examiner training helped to increase the ICC from 0.716 in 2013 to 0.835 in 2014. Exploratory factor analysis revealed one major factor with an eigenvalue of 2.75 (68.8% of total variance). The Generalizability coefficient was consistent at 0.806. A total of 295 students and 32 examiners completed the perception questionnaire. Students’ lowest examination perceptions were an “Unpleasant” and “Unenjoyable” experience, whilst the highest were “Interesting”, “Valuable” and “Important”. The majority of students and examiners reported the assessment as acceptable, fair and valid. Conclusion: The SPRE offers a reliable, valid and acceptable assessment method, provided it comprises at least four scenarios with two independently marking and trained assessors. 3.

KW - clinical reasoning

KW - simulation

KW - structured assessment

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85044773344&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/eje.12286

DO - 10.1111/eje.12286

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85044773344

VL - 22

SP - e269-e277

JO - European Journal of Dental Education

JF - European Journal of Dental Education

SN - 1396-5883

IS - 2

ER -

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