Assessment of right pump outflow banding and speed changes on pulmonary hemodynamics during biventricular support with two Rotary LVADs

Daniel Timms, E Gude, Nick Gaddum, Einly Lim, Nicholas Greatrex, K Wong, Ulrich Steinseifer, Nigel Lovell, John Fraser, Arnt Fiane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The absence of an effective, easily implantable right ventricular assist device (RVAD) significantly diminishes long-term treatment options for patients with biventricular heart failure. The implantation of a second rotary left ventricular assist device (LVAD) for right heart support is therefore being considered; however, this approach exhibits technical challenges when adapting current devices to produce the lower pressures required of the pulmonary circulation. Hemodynamic adaptation may be achieved by either reducing the rotational speed of the right pump impeller or reducing the diameter of the right outflow cannula by the placement of a restricting band; however, the optimal value and influence of changes to each parameter are not well understood. Hemodynamics were therefore investigated using different banding diameters of the right outflow cannula (3-6.5 mm) and pump speeds (500-4500 rpm), using two identical rotary blood pumps coupled to a pulsatile mock circulation loop. Reducing the speed of the right pump from 4900 rpm (for left ventricle support) to 3500 rpm, or banding the Ø10 mm (area 78.5 mm²) right outflow graft to Ø5.4 mm (22.9 mm²) produced suitable hemodynamics. Pulmonary pressures were most sensitive to banding diameters, especially when RVAD flow exceeded LVAD flow. This occurred between Ø5.3 and Ø6.5 mm (22.05-38.5 mm²) and speeds between 3200 and 4400 rpm, with the flow imbalance potentially leading to pulmonary congestion. Total flow was not affected by banding diameters and speeds below this range, and only increased slightly at higher values. Both right outflow banding or right pump speed reduction were found to be effective techniques to allow a rotary LVAD to be used directly for right heart support. However, the observed sensitivity to diameter and speed indicate that challenges may be presented when setting appropriate values for each patient, and control over these parameters is desirable.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberN/A
Pages (from-to)807-813
Number of pages7
JournalArtificial Organs
Volume35
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2011

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