Association Between Childhood Adversity and Functional Outcomes in People With Psychosis: A Meta-analysis

Angeline Christy, Daniela Cavero, Sujeena Navajeeva, Rachel Murray-O'Shea, Victoria Rodriguez, Monica Aas, Giulia Trotta, Socayna Moudiab, Nathalia Garrido, Blanca Zamora, Lucia Sideli, Anna L Wrobel, Gonzalo Salazar de Pablo, Luis Alameda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and Hypothesis: Despite the accepted link between childhood adversity (CA) and psychotic disorders, evidence on the relationship between CA and poor functional outcome remains less consistent and has never been reviewed quantitatively. The aim of this meta-analysis was to systematically examine the association between CA and functional outcomes in people with psychotic disorders. Study Design: The study protocol was registered on the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (CRD42021254201). A search was conducted across EMBASE, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and Cochrane Libraries (CENTRAL) using search terms related to psychosis; CA (general, sexual abuse, physical abuse, emotional abuse, physical neglect, and emotional neglect); and functional outcomes (social, occupational, and general functioning [GF]). We conducted random-effects models, sensitivity and heterogeneity analyses, meta-regressions, and we assessed quality. Study Results: Our meta-analysis comprised 35 studies, including 10 568 cases with psychosis. General CA was negatively associated with GF (28 studies; r = −0.109, 95%CI = −0.161 to −0.05, P < .001), with greater effects in prospective data (10 studies; r = −0.151, 95% CI = −0.236 to −0.063, P = .001). General CA was also associated with social functioning (r = −0.062, 95% CI = −0.120 to −0.004, P = .018) but not occupational outcomes. All CA subtypes except sexual abuse were significantly associated with GF, with emotional and physical neglect showing the largest magnitudes of effect (ranging from r = −0.199 to r = −0.250). Conclusions: This meta-analysis provides evidence for a negative association between general CA, specific subtypes, and general and social functional outcomes in people with psychosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)285-296
Number of pages12
JournalSchizophrenia Bulletin
Volume49
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2023

Keywords

  • Humans
  • Adverse Childhood Experiences
  • Systematic Reviews as Topic
  • Psychotic Disorders/epidemiology
  • Emotions
  • Social Adjustment

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