Association between maladaptive parenting and child self-control over time: cross-lagged study using a monozygotic twin difference design

Charlotte Cecil, Edward Barker, Sara R. Jaffee, Essi Viding*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

68 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background

Harsh parenting practices and negative parental feelings may be environmental risk factors for low self-control in children. Children may also evoke certain parenting reactions.

Aims

To investigate the longitudinal relationship between parenting and self-control, as well as associated outcomes within the monozygotic (MZ) twin differences framework.

Method

Longitudinal MZ twin differences analysis was conducted on a community sample of 5184 twins using data from ages 3, 4, 7 and 9 years. Outcomes related to self-control and parenting were analysed at age 12 years.

Results

Non-shared environmental effects of parenting on the development of self-control and an evocative effect of child self-control on parenting were found. Harsh parenting predicted conduct problems for both boys and girls. Self-control at age 9 predicted conduct problems and emotional difficulties at age 12.

Conclusions

Parenting and child self-control affect one another, highlighting the potential of early interventions that target parents and children simultaneously.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)291-297
Number of pages7
JournalBritish Journal of Psychiatry
Volume201
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2012

Keywords

  • FIT
  • RISK
  • ADJUSTMENT
  • MALADJUSTMENT
  • ANTISOCIAL-BEHAVIOR
  • MODEL
  • TRANSITION
  • HEALTH
  • PREVENTION
  • YOUTH

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