Association of primary and community care services with emergency visits and hospital admissions at the end of life in people with cancer: a retrospective cohort study

Javiera Leniz, Lesley A. Henson, Jean Potter, Wei Gao, Tom Newsom-Davis, Zia Ul-Haq, Amanda Lucas, Irene J. Higginson, Katherine E. Sleeman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between primary and community care use and measures of acute hospital use in people with cancer at the end of life. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: We used Discover, a linked administrative and clinical data set from general practices, community and hospital records in North West London (UK). PARTICIPANTS: People registered in general practices, with a diagnosis of cancer who died between 2016 and 2019. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: ≥3 hospital admissions during the last 90 days, ≥1 admissions in the last 30 days and ≥1 emergency department (ED) visit in the last 2 weeks of life. RESULTS: Of 3581 people, 490 (13.7%) had ≥3 admissions in last 90 days, 1640 (45.8%) had ≥1 admission in the last 30 days, 1042 (28.6%) had ≥1 ED visits in the last 2 weeks; 1069 (29.9%) had more than one of these indicators. Contacts with community nurses in the last 3 months (≥13 vs <4) were associated with fewer admissions in the last 30 days (risk ratio (RR) 0.88, 95% CI 0.90 to 0.98) and ED visits in the last 2 weeks of life (RR 0.79, 95% CI 0.68 to 0.92). Contacts with general practitioners in the last 3 months (≥11 vs <4) was associated with higher risk of ≥3 admissions in the last 90 days (RR 1.63, 95% CI 1.33 to 1.99) and ED visits in the last 2 weeks of life (RR 1.27, 95% CI 1.10 to 1.47). CONCLUSIONS: Expanding community nursing could reduce acute hospital use at the end of life and improve quality of care.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere054281
Pages (from-to)e054281
JournalBMJ Open
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Feb 2022

Keywords

  • epidemiology
  • palliative care
  • primary care
  • quality in health care

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