19 Citations (Scopus)


Latin American and the Caribbean countries exhibit high life expectancy and projections show that they will experience the fastest growth of older people in the following years. As people live longer, it is important to maximise the opportunity to age healthily. We aimed to examine the associations of lifestyle behaviours with healthy ageing in Cuba, Dominican Republic, Peru, Mexico and Puerto Rico, part of the 10/66 study. Residents 65 years old and over (n = 10,900) were interviewed between 2003 and 2010. In the baseline survey, we measured four healthy behaviours: Physical activity, non-smoking, moderate drinking and fruits or vegetables consumption. Healthy ageing was conceptualised within the functional ability framework over a median of 4 years follow-up. Logistic models were calculated per country and then pooled together with fixed-effects meta-analysis. People engaging in physical activity and consuming fruits or vegetables had increased odds of healthy ageing in the follow-up (OR: 2.59, 95% CI: 2.20⁻3.03; OR: 1.24, 95% CI: 1.06⁻1.44, respectively). Compared with participants engaging in none or one healthy behaviour, the ORs of participants engaging in two, three or four healthy behaviours increased in a linear way (OR: 1.60, 95% CI: 1.40⁻1.84; OR: 2.29, 95% CI: 1.94⁻2.69; OR: 2.46, 95% CI: 1.54⁻3.92, respectively). Our findings highlight the importance of awareness of a healthy lifestyle behaviour among older people.

Original languageEnglish
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 30 Oct 2018


  • healthy ageing
  • lifestyle behaviour
  • nutrition
  • older adults
  • physical activity


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