Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: variation by socio-economic deprivation

Vibhore Prasad, Joe West, Denise Kendrick, Kapil Sayal

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14 Citations (Scopus)
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Background In England, there is a discrepancy between the prevalence of Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) ascertained from medical records and community surveys. There is also a lack of data on variation in recorded prevalence by deprivation and geographical region; information that is important for service development and commissioning.

Methods Cohort study using data from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink comprising 5,196 children and young people aged 3-17 years with ADHD and 490,016 without, in 2012.

Results In 2012, the recorded prevalence (95%CI) of ADHD was 1.06 (1.03-1.09) %. Prevalence in the most deprived areas was double that of the least deprived areas (prevalence rate ratio (PRR) 2.58 (2.36-2.83)), with a linear trend from least to most deprived areas across all regions in England.

Conclusions The low prevalence of ADHD in medical records may indicate considerable under-diagnosis. Higher rates in more disadvantaged areas indicates greater need for services in those areas.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages4
JournalArchives of Disease in Childhood
Early online date30 Mar 2018
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 30 Mar 2018


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