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Autism spectrum disorder traits among prisoners

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Autism spectrum disorder traits among prisoners. / Underwood, Lisa; McCarthy, Jane; Chaplin, Eddie; Forrester, Andrew; Mills, Richard; Murphy, Declan.

In: Advances in Autism, Vol. 2, No. 3, 04.07.2016, p. 106-117.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Underwood, L, McCarthy, J, Chaplin, E, Forrester, A, Mills, R & Murphy, D 2016, 'Autism spectrum disorder traits among prisoners', Advances in Autism, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 106-117. https://doi.org/10.1108/AIA-11-2015-0023

APA

Underwood, L., McCarthy, J., Chaplin, E., Forrester, A., Mills, R., & Murphy, D. (2016). Autism spectrum disorder traits among prisoners. Advances in Autism, 2(3), 106-117. https://doi.org/10.1108/AIA-11-2015-0023

Vancouver

Underwood L, McCarthy J, Chaplin E, Forrester A, Mills R, Murphy D. Autism spectrum disorder traits among prisoners. Advances in Autism. 2016 Jul 4;2(3):106-117. https://doi.org/10.1108/AIA-11-2015-0023

Author

Underwood, Lisa ; McCarthy, Jane ; Chaplin, Eddie ; Forrester, Andrew ; Mills, Richard ; Murphy, Declan. / Autism spectrum disorder traits among prisoners. In: Advances in Autism. 2016 ; Vol. 2, No. 3. pp. 106-117.

Bibtex Download

@article{ed6b72ee990d4d128f39b8473dfe731b,
title = "Autism spectrum disorder traits among prisoners",
abstract = "Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to determine the extent of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) traits among prisoners. The authors tested the hypotheses that ASD traits would: be continuously distributed among prisoners; be unrecognised by prison staff; and predict whether a prisoner met diagnostic criteria for ASD. Design/methodology/approach – ASD traits were measured among 240 prisoners in a male prison in London, UK using the 20-item Autism Quotient (AQ-20). Further diagnostic assessment was carried out using the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule. Results were compared with ASD data from the 2007 Psychiatric Morbidity Survey. Findings – There were 39 participants with an AQ-20 score=10; indicating significant autistic traits. The distribution of ASD traits among participants appeared to be normal and was not significantly higher than the rate found in a population-based sample from England. Originality/value – Few studies have explored ASD traits among prisoners. The authors identified high levels of unrecognised ASD traits among a group of male prisoners, many of whom went on to meet diagnostic criteria for ASD. The study highlights the need for specialist assessment within the criminal justice system for individuals with neurodevelopmental disorders including ASD. The authors discuss the process of carrying out an ASD assessment project in a prison.",
keywords = "Assessment, Autism spectrum disorder, Forensic psychiatry, Prison",
author = "Lisa Underwood and Jane McCarthy and Eddie Chaplin and Andrew Forrester and Richard Mills and Declan Murphy",
year = "2016",
month = "7",
day = "4",
doi = "10.1108/AIA-11-2015-0023",
language = "English",
volume = "2",
pages = "106--117",
journal = "Advances in Autism",
issn = "2056-3868",
publisher = "Emerald Group Publishing Ltd.",
number = "3",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Autism spectrum disorder traits among prisoners

AU - Underwood, Lisa

AU - McCarthy, Jane

AU - Chaplin, Eddie

AU - Forrester, Andrew

AU - Mills, Richard

AU - Murphy, Declan

PY - 2016/7/4

Y1 - 2016/7/4

N2 - Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to determine the extent of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) traits among prisoners. The authors tested the hypotheses that ASD traits would: be continuously distributed among prisoners; be unrecognised by prison staff; and predict whether a prisoner met diagnostic criteria for ASD. Design/methodology/approach – ASD traits were measured among 240 prisoners in a male prison in London, UK using the 20-item Autism Quotient (AQ-20). Further diagnostic assessment was carried out using the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule. Results were compared with ASD data from the 2007 Psychiatric Morbidity Survey. Findings – There were 39 participants with an AQ-20 score=10; indicating significant autistic traits. The distribution of ASD traits among participants appeared to be normal and was not significantly higher than the rate found in a population-based sample from England. Originality/value – Few studies have explored ASD traits among prisoners. The authors identified high levels of unrecognised ASD traits among a group of male prisoners, many of whom went on to meet diagnostic criteria for ASD. The study highlights the need for specialist assessment within the criminal justice system for individuals with neurodevelopmental disorders including ASD. The authors discuss the process of carrying out an ASD assessment project in a prison.

AB - Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to determine the extent of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) traits among prisoners. The authors tested the hypotheses that ASD traits would: be continuously distributed among prisoners; be unrecognised by prison staff; and predict whether a prisoner met diagnostic criteria for ASD. Design/methodology/approach – ASD traits were measured among 240 prisoners in a male prison in London, UK using the 20-item Autism Quotient (AQ-20). Further diagnostic assessment was carried out using the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule. Results were compared with ASD data from the 2007 Psychiatric Morbidity Survey. Findings – There were 39 participants with an AQ-20 score=10; indicating significant autistic traits. The distribution of ASD traits among participants appeared to be normal and was not significantly higher than the rate found in a population-based sample from England. Originality/value – Few studies have explored ASD traits among prisoners. The authors identified high levels of unrecognised ASD traits among a group of male prisoners, many of whom went on to meet diagnostic criteria for ASD. The study highlights the need for specialist assessment within the criminal justice system for individuals with neurodevelopmental disorders including ASD. The authors discuss the process of carrying out an ASD assessment project in a prison.

KW - Assessment

KW - Autism spectrum disorder

KW - Forensic psychiatry

KW - Prison

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85021177588&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1108/AIA-11-2015-0023

DO - 10.1108/AIA-11-2015-0023

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85021177588

VL - 2

SP - 106

EP - 117

JO - Advances in Autism

JF - Advances in Autism

SN - 2056-3868

IS - 3

ER -

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