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Autism spectrum disorder traits are associated with empathic abilities in adults with anorexia nervosa

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Autism spectrum disorder traits are associated with empathic abilities in adults with anorexia nervosa. / Kerr-Gaffney, Jess; Harrison, Amy; Tchanturia, Ketevan.

In: Journal of Affective Disorders, Vol. 266, 04.2020, p. 273-281.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Kerr-Gaffney, J, Harrison, A & Tchanturia, K 2020, 'Autism spectrum disorder traits are associated with empathic abilities in adults with anorexia nervosa', Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 266, pp. 273-281. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2020.01.169

APA

Kerr-Gaffney, J., Harrison, A., & Tchanturia, K. (2020). Autism spectrum disorder traits are associated with empathic abilities in adults with anorexia nervosa. Journal of Affective Disorders, 266, 273-281. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2020.01.169

Vancouver

Kerr-Gaffney J, Harrison A, Tchanturia K. Autism spectrum disorder traits are associated with empathic abilities in adults with anorexia nervosa. Journal of Affective Disorders. 2020 Apr;266:273-281. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2020.01.169

Author

Kerr-Gaffney, Jess ; Harrison, Amy ; Tchanturia, Ketevan. / Autism spectrum disorder traits are associated with empathic abilities in adults with anorexia nervosa. In: Journal of Affective Disorders. 2020 ; Vol. 266. pp. 273-281.

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@article{7b357378604a4d419e7d7333c9571c3e,
title = "Autism spectrum disorder traits are associated with empathic abilities in adults with anorexia nervosa",
abstract = "BackgroundSocial and emotional difficulties have been identified as key factors in the development and maintenance of anorexia nervosa (AN). However, few studies have investigated the influence of comorbid psychopathology on social cognition. The aim of the current study was to examine perception of nonverbal communication and empathy in AN using ecologically valid, performance-based measures, and to explore associations with comorbid psychopathology (anxiety, depression, autism spectrum disorder (ASD) traits, alexithymia, and social anxiety).MethodsIn this cross-sectional study, the Multifaceted Empathy Test (MET) and the Mini Profile of Nonverbal Sensitivity (MiniPONS) were administered to 51 adults with AN, 51 recovered AN (REC), and 51 healthy controls (HCs). Comorbid psychopathological traits were assessed using self-report questionnaires and the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule – 2nd edition (ADOS-2).ResultsIndividuals with AN showed reduced affective empathy to positive stimuli compared to HCs, and a trend towards lower vocal prosody recognition scores relative to REC. Around a quarter of AN and REC scored above the clinical cut-off for ASD on the ADOS-2, and high ASD symptoms predicted lower cognitive and affective empathy scores.LimitationsThe study is cross-sectional, future research would benefit from examining social-cognition performance and comorbid psychopathology longitudinally.ConclusionsThe findings highlight the importance of ASD symptoms in empathy dysfunction in those with a lifetime history of AN. Future research should explore whether treatment adaptations to accommodate for differences in social-cognitive abilities may be helpful in the treatment of AN.",
keywords = "Anorexia nervosa, Asd, Comorbidity, Emotion recognition, Empathy",
author = "Jess Kerr-Gaffney and Amy Harrison and Ketevan Tchanturia",
year = "2020",
month = "4",
doi = "10.1016/j.jad.2020.01.169",
language = "English",
volume = "266",
pages = "273--281",
journal = "Journal of Affective Disorders",
issn = "0165-0327",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Autism spectrum disorder traits are associated with empathic abilities in adults with anorexia nervosa

AU - Kerr-Gaffney, Jess

AU - Harrison, Amy

AU - Tchanturia, Ketevan

PY - 2020/4

Y1 - 2020/4

N2 - BackgroundSocial and emotional difficulties have been identified as key factors in the development and maintenance of anorexia nervosa (AN). However, few studies have investigated the influence of comorbid psychopathology on social cognition. The aim of the current study was to examine perception of nonverbal communication and empathy in AN using ecologically valid, performance-based measures, and to explore associations with comorbid psychopathology (anxiety, depression, autism spectrum disorder (ASD) traits, alexithymia, and social anxiety).MethodsIn this cross-sectional study, the Multifaceted Empathy Test (MET) and the Mini Profile of Nonverbal Sensitivity (MiniPONS) were administered to 51 adults with AN, 51 recovered AN (REC), and 51 healthy controls (HCs). Comorbid psychopathological traits were assessed using self-report questionnaires and the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule – 2nd edition (ADOS-2).ResultsIndividuals with AN showed reduced affective empathy to positive stimuli compared to HCs, and a trend towards lower vocal prosody recognition scores relative to REC. Around a quarter of AN and REC scored above the clinical cut-off for ASD on the ADOS-2, and high ASD symptoms predicted lower cognitive and affective empathy scores.LimitationsThe study is cross-sectional, future research would benefit from examining social-cognition performance and comorbid psychopathology longitudinally.ConclusionsThe findings highlight the importance of ASD symptoms in empathy dysfunction in those with a lifetime history of AN. Future research should explore whether treatment adaptations to accommodate for differences in social-cognitive abilities may be helpful in the treatment of AN.

AB - BackgroundSocial and emotional difficulties have been identified as key factors in the development and maintenance of anorexia nervosa (AN). However, few studies have investigated the influence of comorbid psychopathology on social cognition. The aim of the current study was to examine perception of nonverbal communication and empathy in AN using ecologically valid, performance-based measures, and to explore associations with comorbid psychopathology (anxiety, depression, autism spectrum disorder (ASD) traits, alexithymia, and social anxiety).MethodsIn this cross-sectional study, the Multifaceted Empathy Test (MET) and the Mini Profile of Nonverbal Sensitivity (MiniPONS) were administered to 51 adults with AN, 51 recovered AN (REC), and 51 healthy controls (HCs). Comorbid psychopathological traits were assessed using self-report questionnaires and the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule – 2nd edition (ADOS-2).ResultsIndividuals with AN showed reduced affective empathy to positive stimuli compared to HCs, and a trend towards lower vocal prosody recognition scores relative to REC. Around a quarter of AN and REC scored above the clinical cut-off for ASD on the ADOS-2, and high ASD symptoms predicted lower cognitive and affective empathy scores.LimitationsThe study is cross-sectional, future research would benefit from examining social-cognition performance and comorbid psychopathology longitudinally.ConclusionsThe findings highlight the importance of ASD symptoms in empathy dysfunction in those with a lifetime history of AN. Future research should explore whether treatment adaptations to accommodate for differences in social-cognitive abilities may be helpful in the treatment of AN.

KW - Anorexia nervosa

KW - Asd

KW - Comorbidity

KW - Emotion recognition

KW - Empathy

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85078668383&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jad.2020.01.169

DO - 10.1016/j.jad.2020.01.169

M3 - Article

VL - 266

SP - 273

EP - 281

JO - Journal of Affective Disorders

JF - Journal of Affective Disorders

SN - 0165-0327

ER -

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