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Availability analysis and optimization in CoMP and CA-enabled HetNets

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
Article number7874164
Pages (from-to)2438-2450
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Communications
Issue number6
Early online date8 Mar 2017
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2017


King's Authors


Traditional cellular networks are moving toward heterogeneous cellular networks (HetNets) to satisfy the stringent demand for data rates and capacity. To enable the new applications in 5G, such as haptic communications, we face new challenges of achieving high availability with low latency in Het- Nets. In this paper, we introduce coordinated multi-point (CoMP) and carrier aggregation (CA) techniques in HetNets to guarantee the availability of all user equipment (UE), where the CoMP improves the single-path availability, and the CA enhances availability via multi-carrier gain combining. To characterize the availability, we first derive an exact closed-form expression for the availability of a random UE in a CoMP and CA-enabled HetNets. To achieve the maximum UE availability, we formulate a max- min optimization problem. To solve it, we then propose a two-step optimization algorithm (TSOA) and a joint (JTOA). The TSOA is based on heuristic algorithm for the optimal subcarrier assignment and UE association, and based on the Lagrangian dual method for the power allocation. The JTOA is based on genetic algorithm to achieve the interaction between the first step and the second step. Our results showcase the effective of our proposed JTOA, and the effective of the CoMP in availability improvement in HetNets.

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