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Baculamento or Encomienda? Legal Pluralisms and the Contestation of Power in Pan-Atlantic World of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)310-336
JournalJournal of Global Slavery
Issue number3
Early online date28 Sep 2017
Accepted/In press8 Feb 2017
E-pub ahead of print28 Sep 2017


  • Baculamento or Encomienda_GREEN_Firstpublished29September2017_GREEN AAM

    Baculamento_or_Encomienda_GREEN_Accepted2017_GREEN_AAM.pdf, 695 KB, application/pdf

    Uploaded date:06 Jul 2017

    Version:Accepted author manuscript

    This is the peer-reviewed manuscript of a paper accepted for publication in Journal of Global Slavery, © Brill.

King's Authors


This article examines pan-Atlantic legal jurisdictions in the early Atlantic world to argue that the legal domains of people nominally conquered by Iberian powers are of fundamental importance to understanding the emergence of subjectivities in Atlantic Africa during the era of the slave trade. An analysis of the legal framing of the enco-mienda in Mexico and of categories of slavery in Brazil shows how transformations in the Americas influenced the development of plural legal frameworks in Atlantic Africa in proto-colonial settings, specifically Angola and Upper Guinea.

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