Barriers and facilitators for walking in individuals with intermittent claudication

Melissa Galea, Steven R. Bray, Kathleen A. Martin Ginis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study aimed to identify barriers and facilitators associated with walking for exercise among people who experience intermittent claudication. Fifteen individuals (7 men and 8 women) participated in 3 focus groups that were tape-recorded and content analyzed. A social-cognitive framework was used to categorize barriers and facilitators as those related to the person, to the activity, or to the environment. Variables identified included those specific to intermittent claudication and those common among the general population. Barriers to walking included irregular or graded walking surfaces, uncertainty about the outcome of walking, ambiguity regarding pain, the need to take rest breaks, and the presence of leg pain. Facilitating factors included availability of a resting place, use of cognitive coping strategies, companionship support, and availability of a treadmill-walking program. Findings are interpreted in light of current research on exercise determinants and encourage prospective examinations of the predictive validity of these factors for walking.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-84
Number of pages16
JournalJOURNAL OF AGING AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Volume16
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2008

Keywords

  • focus groups
  • exercise
  • peripheral arterial disease
  • social-cognitive theory
  • PERIPHERAL ARTERIAL-DISEASE
  • PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY
  • OLDER-ADULTS
  • PLANNED BEHAVIOR
  • EXERCISE REHABILITATION
  • QUALITATIVE RESEARCH
  • SELF-EFFICACY
  • CHRONIC PAIN
  • HEALTH
  • DETERMINANTS

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