Benefits of group cognitive remediation therapy in anorexia nervosa: case series

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Cognitive remediation therapy (CRT) is a treatment targeting cognitive difficulties in psychiatric disorders. CRT has been used with patients with severe anorexia nervosa (AN) in individual and group formats. Research of group CRT in AN is limited.

METHODS: Evaluation of a series of CRT groups delivered in inpatient and intensive daycare services was performed. Participants' self-reported cognitive flexibility and central coherence, as well as motivation to change were assessed pre- and post-group. Additionally, patients' evaluative feedback was collected after completion of the group.

RESULTS: There was a significant improvement in the patients' self-reported cognitive flexibility and bigger picture thinking, as well as in their self-efficacy to change. The feedback questionnaires highlighted that patients found the sessions useful and reported confidence in using some of the skills and strategies they learnt in the group.

CONCLUSION: In line with evidence from small-scale reports, this larger scale case series study indicates that group CRT leads to increased flexibility and bigger picture thinking, as well as improved confidence in the ability to change for participants. CRT in a group format seems to be a practical and helpful intervention for patients with AN in intensive treatment programmes.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages8
JournalNEUROPSYCHIATRIE
Early online date4 Mar 2016
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 4 Mar 2016

Keywords

  • anorexia nervosa
  • cognitive flexibility
  • Cognitive remediation therapy
  • Cognitive training
  • group therapy

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