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Bile acid profiles over 5 years following gastric bypass and duodenal switch – Results from a randomized clinical trial

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Hilde Risstad, Jon A. Kristinsson, Morten W. Fagerland, Carel W. le Roux, Kåre I. Birkeland, Hanne L. Gulseth, Per M. Thorsby, Royce P. Vincent, My Engström, Torsten Olbers, Tom Mala

Original languageEnglish
JournalSurgery for obesity and related diseases
E-pub ahead of print25 May 2017


King's Authors


Background: Bile acids have been proposed as key mediators of the metabolic effects after bariatric surgery. Currently no reports on bile acid profiles after duodenal switch exist, and long-term data after gastric bypass are lacking.

Objective: To investigate bile acid profiles up to 5 years after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch, and to explore the relationship between bile acids and weight loss, lipid profile and glucose metabolism.

Settings: Two Scandinavian University Hospitals. Methods We present data from a randomized, clinical trial of 60 patients with body mass index 50–60 kg/m2 operated with gastric bypass or duodenal switch. Repeated measurements of total and individual bile acids from fasting serum during 5 years after surgery were performed.

Results: Mean concentrations of total bile acids increased from 2.3 µmol/L (95% CI, -0.1 to 4.7) at baseline to 5.9 µmol/L (3.5 to 8.3) 5 years after gastric bypass and from 1.0 µmol/L (95% CI, -1.4 to 3.5) to 9.5 µmol/L (95% CI, 7.1 to 11.9) after duodenal switch, mean between-group difference was -4.8 µmol/L (95% CI, -9.3 to -0.3), P=.036. Mean concentrations of primary bile acids increased more after duodenal switch, while secondary bile acids increased proportionally across the groups. Higher levels of total bile acids at 5 years were associated with lower body mass index, greater weight loss and lower total cholesterol.

Conclusions: Total bile acid concentrations increased substantially over 5 years after both gastric bypass and duodenal switch, with greater increases in total and primary bile acids after duodenal switch.

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