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BioGranat-IG: a network analysis tool to suggest mechanisms of genetic heterogeneity from exome-sequencing data

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nick Dand, Frauke Sprengel, Volker Ahlers, Thomas Schlitt

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)733-741
Number of pages9
JournalBioinformatics (Oxford, England)
Volume29
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2013

King's Authors

Abstract

Motivation: Recent exome-sequencing studies have successfully identified disease-causing sequence variants for several rare monogenic diseases by examining variants common to a group of patients. However, the current data analysis strategies are only insufficiently able to deal with confounding factors such as genetic heterogeneity, incomplete penetrance, individuals lacking data and involvement of several genes.

Results: We introduce BioGranat-IG, an analysis strategy that incorporates the information contained in biological networks to the analysis of exome-sequencing data. To identify genes that may have a disease-causing role, we label all nodes of the network according to the individuals that are carrying a sequence variant and subsequently identify small subnetworks linked to all or most individuals. Using simulated exome-sequencing data, we demonstrate that BioGranat-IG is able to recover the genes responsible for two diseases known to be caused by variants in an underlying complex. We also examine the performance of BioGranat-IG under various conditions likely to be faced by the user, and show that its network-based approach is more powerful than a set-cover-based approach.

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