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Biophysical Modelling Predicts Ventricular Tachycardia Inducibility and Circuit Morphology: A Combined Clinical Validation and Computer Modelling Approach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zhong Chen, Rocio Cabrera-Lozoya, Jatin Relan, Manav Sohal, Anoop Shetty, Rashed Karim, Herve Delingette, Jaswinder Gill, Kawal Rhode, Nicholas Ayache, Peter Taggart, C Aldo Rinaldi, Maxime Sermesant, Reza Razavi

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)851-860
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Volume27
Issue number7
Early online date20 Apr 2016
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 20 Apr 2016

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King's Authors

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Computational modelling of cardiac arrhythmogenesis and arrhythmia maintenance has made a significant contribution to the understanding of the underlying mechanisms of arrhythmia. We hypothesized that a cardiac model using personalized electro-anatomical parameters could define the underlying ventricular tachycardia (VT) substrate and predict reentrant VT circuits. We used a combined modelling and clinical approach in order to validate the concept.

METHODS AND RESULTS: Non-contact electroanatomic mapping studies were performed in 7 patients (5 ischemics, 2 non-ischemics). Three ischemic cardiomyopathy patients underwent a clinical VT stimulation study. Anatomical information was obtained from cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) including high-resolution scar imaging. A simplified biophysical mono-domain action potential model personalized with the patients' anatomical and electrical information was used to perform in silico VT stimulation studies for comparison. The personalized in silico VT stimulations were able to predict VT inducibility as well as the macroscopic characteristics of the VT circuits in patients who had clinical VT stimulation studies. Patients with positive clinical VT stimulation studies had wider distribution of action potential duration restitution curve (APD-RC) slopes and APDs than patient 3 with a negative VT stimulation study. The exit points of reentrant VT circuits encompassed a higher percentage of the maximum APD-RC slope compared to the scar and non-scar areas, 32%, 4% and 0.2% respectively.

CONCLUSIONS: VT stimulation studies can be simulated in silico using a personalized biophysical cardiac model. Myocardial spatial heterogeneity of APD restitution properties and conductivity may help predict the location of crucial entry/exit points of reentrant VT circuits. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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