Blood Harmonisation of Endoscopic Transsphenoidal Surgical Video Frames on Phantom Models

Mahrukh Saeed, Julien Quarez, Hassna Irzan, Bava Kesavan, Matthew Elliot, Oscar MacCormac, James Knight, Sebastien Ourselin, Jonathan Shapey, Alejandro Granados Martinez*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paperpeer-review

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Physical phantom models have been integral to surgical training, yet they lack realism and are unable to replicate the presence of blood resulting from surgical actions. Existing domain transfer methods aim to enhance realism, but none facilitate blood simulation. This study investigates the overlay of blood on images acquired during endoscopic transsphenoidal pituitary surgery on phantom models. The process involves employing manual techniques using the GIMP image manipulation application and automated methods using pythons Blend Modes module. We then approach this as an image harmonisation task to assess its practicality and feasibility. Our evaluation uses Structural Similarity Index Measure and Laplacian metrics. The results we obtained emphasize the significance of image harmonisation, offering substantial insights within the surgical field. Our work is a step towards investigating data-driven models that can simulate blood for increased realism during surgical training on phantom models.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging
Number of pages4
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2 Feb 2024


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