King's College London

Research portal

Body fluid identification using a targeted mRNA massively parallel sequencing approach – results of a EUROFORGEN/EDNAP collaborative exercise

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

S. Ingold, G. Dørum, E. Hanson, A. Berti, W. Branicki, P. Brito, P. Elsmore, K.B. Gettings, F. Giangasparo, T.E. Gross, S. Hansen, E.N. Hanssen, M.-L. Kampmann, M. Kayser, F.-X. Laurent, N. Morling, A. Mosquera-Miguel, W. Parson, C. Phillips, M.J. Porto & 14 more E. Pośpiech, A.D. Roeder, P.M. Schneider, K.Schulze Johann, C.R. Steffen, D. Syndercombe-Court, M. Trautmann, M. van den Berge, K.J. van den Gaag, J. Vannier, V. Verdoliva, A. Vidaki, C. Xavier, J. Ballantyne

Original languageEnglish
JournalForensic Science International-Genetics
Early online date31 Jan 2018
Accepted/In press5 Jan 2018
E-pub ahead of print31 Jan 2018


King's Authors


In a previous study we presented an assay for targeted mRNA sequencing for the identification of human body fluids, optimised for the Illumina MiSeq/FGx MPS platform. This assay, together with an additional in-house designed assay for the Ion Torrent PGM/S5 platform, formed the basis for a collaborative exercise within 17 EUROFORGEN and EDNAP laboratories, in order to test the efficacy of targeted mRNA sequencing to identify body fluids. The task was to analyse the supplied dried body fluid stains and, optionally, participants’ own bona fide or mock casework samples of human origin, according to specified protocols. The provided primer pools for the Illumina MiSeq/FGx and the Ion Torrent PGM/S5 platforms included 33 and 29 body fluid specific target sequences, respectively, to identify blood, saliva, semen, vaginal secretion, menstrual blood and skin. The results demonstrated moderate to high count values in the body fluid or tissue of interest with little to no counts in non-target body fluids. There was some inter-laboratory variability in read counts, but overall the results of the laboratories were comparable in that highly expressed markers showed high read counts and less expressed markers lower counts. We performed a partial least squares analysis (PLS) on the data, where blood, menstrual blood, saliva and semen markers and samples clustered well. The results of this collaborative mRNA massively parallel sequencing (MPS) exercise support targeted mRNA sequencing as a reliable body fluid identification method that could be added to the repertory of forensic MPS panels.

Download statistics

No data available

View graph of relations

© 2020 King's College London | Strand | London WC2R 2LS | England | United Kingdom | Tel +44 (0)20 7836 5454