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Bond strength of stainless steel orthodontic brackets bonded to prefabricated acrylic teeth

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Wan Salbiah Wan Abdul Razak, Martyn Sherriff, Dirk Bister, Jadbinder Seehra

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-109
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Orthodontics
Volume44
Issue number2
DOIs
PublishedJun 2017

King's Authors

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this in-vitro study was to evaluate the force to debond stainless steel orthodontic brackets bonded to acrylic teeth using different combinations of adhesive and surface treatments.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred prefabricated upper lateral incisor acrylic teeth were divided into 4 equal groups: Transbond XT® adhesive only (Group 1, control), Transbond XT® adhesive with sandblasting (Group 2), Transbond XT® adhesive with abrasion / + methyl methacrylate (MMA) (Group 3) and Triad® Gel only (Group 4). The force in Newtons (N) to debond the brackets was measured. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and pairwise multi-comparison of means (Šidak's adjustment) were undertaken.

RESULTS: The highest force to debond was recorded for Group 2 (275.7 N; SD 89.0) followed by Group 3 (241.9 N; SD 76.0), Group 1 (142.7 N; SD 36.7) and Group 4 (67.9 N; SD 21.1). Significant differences in bond strength measurements between the experimental groups were detected. Mean force values for the groups revealed no significant differences between Group 2 and Group 3 (p>0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: Both sandblasting and surface abrasion/+ application of methyl methacrylate (MMA) in combination with Transbond XT® adhesive are recommended for bonding stainless orthodontic brackets to acrylic teeth.

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