Bourgeois Islam and Muslims without Mosques: Muslim Liberalism and its Discontents in Indonesia

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Within the context of Indonesia’s encounters with liberalism in late colonial and postcolonial times, this chapter examines Muslim discourses that are critical of both Western liberal ideology and its Islamist detractors. After problematizing the existing categories of Islamic neo-modernism, Liberal Islam, and Islamic liberalism, the chapter focuses on alternative discourses formulated by Muslim intellectuals from both traditionalist and modernist-reformist Islamic backgrounds during Reformasi Era when Indonesia transitioned from a military autocracy to a democratic system of governance. Islamic Post-Traditionalists draws on post-structuralism and post-colonial theory to offer an emancipatory trajectory for Indonesian Muslims in the 21st century, while modernist-reformist intellectuals have drawn on the social sciences to develop a new paradigm referred to as Transformative Islam. Instead of presenting sweeping ideas, this younger generation is more concerned with translating new regimes of knowledge into applied thinking about concrete issues, such as democratization, development, justice and battling corruption
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIslam after Liberalism
EditorsFaisal Devji, Zaheer Kazmi
Place of PublicationNew York
PublisherOxford University Press USA
Number of pages187
ISBN (Print)9780190851279
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2017


  • Islam
  • Indonesia
  • Liberalism
  • Post-Traditionalism
  • Contemporary Muslim World

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