## Abstract

We determine the higher codimension fibers of elliptically fibered Calabi-Yau fourfolds with section by studying the three-dimensional N = 2 supersymmetric gauge theory with matter which describes the low energy effective theory of M-theory compactified on the associated Weierstrass model, a singular model of the fourfold. Each phase of the Coulomb branch of this theory corresponds to a particular resolution of the Weierstrass model, and we show that these have a concise description in terms of decorated box graphs based on the representation graph of the matter multiplets, or alternatively by a class of convex paths on said graph. Transitions between phases have a simple interpretation as "flopping" of the path, and in the geometry correspond to actual flop transitions. This description of the phases enables us to enumerate and determine the entire network between them, with various matter representations for all reductive Lie groups. Furthermore, we observe that each network of phases carries the structure of a (quasi-) minuscule representation of a specific Lie algebra. Interpreted from a geometric point of view, this analysis determines the generators of the cone of effective curves as well as the network of flop transitions between crepant resolutions of singular elliptic Calabi-Yau fourfolds. From the box graphs we determine all fiber types in codimensions two and three, and we find new, non-Kodaira, fiber types for E-6, E-7 and E-8.

Original language | English |
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Article number | 48 |

Pages (from-to) | 1-90 |

Number of pages | 90 |

Journal | Journal of High Energy Physics |

Volume | 2014 |

Issue number | 5 |

Early online date | 12 May 2014 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 12 May 2014 |

## Keywords

- M-Theory
- F-Theory
- Differential and Algebraic Geometry
- Supersymmetric Effective Theories
- CALABI-YAU THREEFOLDS
- SUPERSYMMETRIC GAUGE-THEORIES
- F-THEORY
- ANALYTIC SURFACES
- FIELD-THEORIES
- 3 DIMENSIONS
- COMPACTIFICATIONS
- DEGENERATIONS
- TRANSITIONS
- GEOMETRY