King's College London

Research portal

Bridging developmental state and entrepreneurial state theory: A typology of startup policies’ incumbent firm benefits

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Asian Public Policy
Early online date10 Oct 2022
Accepted/In press30 Sep 2022
E-pub ahead of print10 Oct 2022
Published11 Oct 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information: This article benefited from feedback on previous versions presented at the annual Society for the Advancement of Socio-Economics (SASE) conventions in Kyoto (2018) and New York (2019), and at research seminars held at King’s College London. We would also like to thank our excellent research assistants, Sheri Huang Wei, Asha Naradate and Saeme Kim, for their meticulous work on the detailed historical policy compilation and coding. Finally, we’d like to express our appreciation to the Chiang Ching-kuo Foundation for International Scholarly Exchange for financial support that enabled the detailed policy research and fieldwork in Japan. Publisher Copyright: © 2022 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.


King's Authors


Developmental state literature primarily focuses on the state’s (evolving) direct relationship with large incumbent firms. This article bridges developmental state and entrepreneurial state theories by employing an open innovation logic. We study Japan (1991-2021) as an archetypal developmental state; we hand coded 83 startup policies and a corpus of media coverage of the policies’ launch events and performance for how policymakers speak about ways in which startup policies strive to involve and benefit incumbent firms. Our typology of the strategic “access” benefits for incumbent firms in startup policies are: (1) access to innovative capacity, ideas and (2) access to talent.

View graph of relations

© 2020 King's College London | Strand | London WC2R 2LS | England | United Kingdom | Tel +44 (0)20 7836 5454