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AIMS: To estimate the prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes and suboptimally controlled diabetes and the associated risk factors by community screening in India.

METHODS: In this multi-centre, cross-sectional study, house-to-house screening was conducted in people aged ≥40 years in urban and rural areas across 10 states and one union territory in India between November 2018 and March 2020. Participants underwent anthropometry, clinical and biochemical assessments. Capillary random blood glucose and point-of-care glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c ) were used to diagnose diabetes. The prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes and suboptimal control (HbA1c ≥53 mmol/mol [≥7%]) among those with known diabetes was assessed.

RESULTS: Among the 42,146 participants screened (22,150 urban, 19,996 rural), 5689 had known diabetes. The age-standardised prevalence of known diabetes was 13.1% (95% CI 12.8-13.4); 17.2% in urban areas and 9.4% in rural areas. The age-standardised prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes was 6.0% (95% CI 5.7-6.2); similar in both urban and rural areas with the highest proportions seen in the East (8.0%) and South (7.8%) regions. When we consider all people with diabetes in the population, 22.8% of individuals in urban areas and 36.7% in rural areas had undiagnosed diabetes. Almost 75% of the individuals with known diabetes had suboptimal glycaemic control.

CONCLUSIONS: High prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes and suboptimally controlled diabetes emphasises the urgent need to identify and optimally treat people with diabetes to reduce the burden of diabetes.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere15165
Pages (from-to)e15165
JournalDiabetic medicine : a journal of the British Diabetic Association
Issue number10
Early online date12 Jun 2023
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2023


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