Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation for paediatric out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in England: an observational registry cohort study

H Albargi*, S Mallett, S Berhane, Scott J. Booth, Claire Hawkes, Gavin D. Perkins, M Norton, Theresa Foster, Bernie Scholefield

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (BCPR) is strongly advocated by resuscitation councils for paediatric out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCAs). However, there are limited reports on rates of BCPR in children and its relationship with return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) or survival outcomes.
We describe the rate of BCPR and its association with any ROSC and survival- to- hospital-discharge.
We conducted retrospective analysis of prospectively collected paediatric (Results
There were 2363 paediatric OHCAs treated across 11 EMS regions. BCPR was performed in 69.6% (1646/2363) of the cases overall (range 57.7% (206/367) to 83.7% (139/166) across EMS regions). Only 34.9% (550/1572) of BCPR cases were witnessed. Overall, any ROSC was achieved in 22.8% (523/2289) and survival to hospital discharge in 10.8% (225/2066). Adjusted odds ratio (aOR) for any ROSC was significantly improved following BCPR compared to no BCPR (aOR 1.37, 95% CI 1.03–1.81), but adjusted odds ratio for survival-to-hospital-discharge were similar (aOR 1.01, 95% CI 0.66–1.55).
BCPR was associated with improved rates of any ROSC but not survival-to-hospital-discharge. Variations in EMS BCPR rates may indicate opportunities for regional targeted increase in public BCPR education.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2022

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