Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II contributes to intracellular pH recovery from acidosis via Na+/H+ exchanger activation

Martin Vila-Petroff, Cecilia Mundina-Weilenmann, Noelia Lezcano, Andrew K. Snabaitis, Maria Ana Huergo, Carlos A. Valverde, Metin Avkiran, Alicia Mattiazzi

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46 Citations (Scopus)


The Na+/H+ exchanger (NHE-1) plays a key role in pH(I) recovery from acidosis and is regulated by pH(I) and the ERK1/2-dependent phosphorylation pathway Since acidosis increases the activity of Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) in cardiac muscle, we examined whether CaMKII activates the exchanger by using pharmacological tools and highly specific genetic approaches. Adult rat cardiomyocytes, loaded with the pH(I) indicator SNARF-1/AM were subjected to different protocols of intracellular acidosis The rate of pH(I) recovery from the acid load (dpH(I)/dt)-an Index of NHE-1 activity in HEPES buffer or in NaHCO3 buffer in the presence of inhibition of anion transporters-was significantly decreased by the CaMKII inhibitors KN-93 or AIP. pH(I) recovery from acidosis was faster in CaMKII-overexpressing myocytes than in overexpressing beta-galactosidase myocytes (dpH(I)/dt 0.195+/-0.04 vs 0.045+/-0.010 min(-1), respectively, n=8) and slower in myocytes from transgenic mice with chronic cardiac CaMKII inhibition (AC3-I) than in controls (AC3-C) Inhibition of CaMKII and/or ERK1/2 indicated that stimulation of NHE-1 by CaMKII was independent of and additive to the ERK1/2 cascade. In vitro studies with fusion proteins containing wild-type or mutated (Ser/Ala) versions of the C-terminal domain of NHE-1 indicate that CaMKII phosphorylates NHE-1 at residues other than the canonical phosphorylation sites for the kinase (Ser648, Ser703, and Ser796) These results provide new mechanistic insights and unequivocally demonstrate a role of the already multifunctional CaMKII on the regulation of the NHE-1 activity They also prove clinically important in multiple disorders which, like ischemia/reperfusion injury or hypertrophy, are associated with increased NHE-1 and CaMKII (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)106 - 112
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2010


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