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Calcitonin gene-related peptide-induced suppression of luteinizing hormone pulses in the rat: the role of endogenous opioid peptides

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

J E Bowe, X F Li, J S Kinsey-Jones, S Paterson, S Brain, S Lightman, K O'Byrne

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)921 - 928
Number of pages8
JournalThe Journal of Physiology
Issue number3
Published1 Aug 2005

King's Authors


Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) is involved in a variety of stress responses in the rat. 14 Central administration of CGRP activates the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis resulting in increased corticosterone secretion. We have previously shown that central CGRP suppresses the gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) pulse generator, specifically LH pulses. Endogenous opioid peptides (EOPs) have been shown to play an important role in stress-induced suppression of the reproductive axis. The aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that EOPs mediate CGRP-induced suppression of pulsatile LH secretion. Ovariectomized rats were implanted. with intracerebroventricular (I.C.V.) and I.V. cannulae. Intravenous administration of the opioid antagonist naloxone (250 mu g) completely blocked the suppression of LH pulses induced by 1.5 mu g I.C.V. CGRP and significantly attenuated the suppression of pulsatile LH secretion induced by 5 mu g I.C.V. CGRP. Furthermore, intravenous administration of naloxone was found. to immediately restore normal LH pulse frequency in animals treated 90 min earlier with 1.5 mu g I.C.V. CGRP. Co-administration (I.C.V.) of CGRP (1.5 mu g) with the mu and kappa opioid receptor-specific antagonists naloxone (10 mu g) and norbinaltorphimine (5 mu g), respectively, blocked the CGRP-induced suppression of LH pulses, whilst I.C.V. co-administration of CGRP (1.5 mu g) with the delta opioid receptor-specific antagonist naltrindole (5 mu g) did not. These data provide evidence that EOPs play a pivotal role in mediating the inhibitory effects of CGRP on pulsatile LH secretion in the rat. They also suggest that the mu and kappa, but not the delta, opioid receptors may be responsible for mediating the effects of CGRP on LH pulses

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