Campaign-style Implementation and Affordable Housing Provision in China

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The existing literature identifies campaigns as an important tool of policy implementation for the Chinese Communist Party. However, scholars have yet to reach agreement about the effects of campaigns on policy outcomes. This paper helps to provide answers through an analysis of an affordable housing campaign adopted by the central government between 2011 and 2015. My findings are confirmed using regression analysis of a large original dataset that I compiled. The paper finds on one hand that the campaign strengthened the political incentives for local officials and they responded to the campaign by building more affordable housing. But the campaign’s effects varied across different types of localities, which led to a significant mismatch between the allocation of government resources and the actual needs of local residents. These findings point to the defects of campaigns and China’s need for more institutionalized mechanisms to implement policies prioritized by the national government.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)76-101
Early online date3 Jun 2020
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2020


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