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Can high intensity interval training improve health outcomes among people with mental illness? A systematic review and preliminary meta-analysis of intervention studies across a range of mental illnesses

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Can high intensity interval training improve health outcomes among people with mental illness? A systematic review and preliminary meta-analysis of intervention studies across a range of mental illnesses. / Martland, Rebecca; Mondelli, Valeria; Gaughran, Fiona; Stubbs, Brendon.

In: Journal of Affective Disorders, Vol. 263, 15.02.2020, p. 629-660.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Harvard

Martland, R, Mondelli, V, Gaughran, F & Stubbs, B 2020, 'Can high intensity interval training improve health outcomes among people with mental illness? A systematic review and preliminary meta-analysis of intervention studies across a range of mental illnesses', Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 263, pp. 629-660. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2019.11.039

APA

Martland, R., Mondelli, V., Gaughran, F., & Stubbs, B. (2020). Can high intensity interval training improve health outcomes among people with mental illness? A systematic review and preliminary meta-analysis of intervention studies across a range of mental illnesses. Journal of Affective Disorders, 263, 629-660. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2019.11.039

Vancouver

Martland R, Mondelli V, Gaughran F, Stubbs B. Can high intensity interval training improve health outcomes among people with mental illness? A systematic review and preliminary meta-analysis of intervention studies across a range of mental illnesses. Journal of Affective Disorders. 2020 Feb 15;263:629-660. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2019.11.039

Author

Martland, Rebecca ; Mondelli, Valeria ; Gaughran, Fiona ; Stubbs, Brendon. / Can high intensity interval training improve health outcomes among people with mental illness? A systematic review and preliminary meta-analysis of intervention studies across a range of mental illnesses. In: Journal of Affective Disorders. 2020 ; Vol. 263. pp. 629-660.

Bibtex Download

@article{f949ee09d3fb4495b86eb823f220471f,
title = "Can high intensity interval training improve health outcomes among people with mental illness?: A systematic review and preliminary meta-analysis of intervention studies across a range of mental illnesses",
abstract = "Background: High intensity interval training (HIIT) may have beneficial effects among people with mental illnesses. The aim of this systematic review was to establish the benefits, safety and adherence of HIIT interventions across all categories of mental illness. Methods: Major databases were searched from inception to 18/2/2019 for intervention studies investigating HIIT among people with mental illnesses. Study quality was assessed via the PEDro scale, intervention characteristics were reported using the TIDier and CERT checklists and findings narratively summarised. A preliminary meta-analysis was undertaken where possible. Results: 12 intervention studies, (including 7 RCTs), were included. Evidence suggested HIIT improved cardiorespiratory fitness (5/8 intervention studies,63{\%}), anthropometric variables (3/4,75{\%}), mental health outcomes (9/12, 75{\%}), cardiovascular fitness (5/9,56{\%}), physical fitness (1/1,100{\%}) and motor skills (1/1,100{\%}), compare to pre-training. The preliminary meta-analysis of pre-post changes found HIIT reduced depression severity (Standardised mean difference (SMD):-1.36 [95{\%}CI-1.63;-1.089], p<0.0001) and possibly improved VO2max (SMD:0.18 [95{\%}CI -0.02; 0.37], p = 0.08) in people with depression. HIIT increased High-Density-Lipoprotein (SMD:0.373 [95{\%}CI 0.18; 0.57], p = 0.0002) and possibly reduced general psychopathology (SMD:-1.58 [95{\%}CI -3.35; 0.18], p = 0.08) in people with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders. No acute injuries were reported, mean adherence to HIIT sessions ranged from 64–94{\%}, and dropout ranged from 0-–50{\%}. Limitations: Results were limited to a small number of low-to-moderate quality intervention studies. Conclusion: These findings suggest HIIT may improve a range of physical and mental health outcomes among people with mental illnesses. Nonetheless, high-quality well-powered trials are needed to reaffirm these findings, and future research should address the seemingly high rate of dropout.",
keywords = "Anthropometric, Cardiorespiratory fitness, Cardiovascular, High intensity interval training, Mental health, Systematic review",
author = "Rebecca Martland and Valeria Mondelli and Fiona Gaughran and Brendon Stubbs",
year = "2020",
month = "2",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/j.jad.2019.11.039",
language = "English",
volume = "263",
pages = "629--660",
journal = "Journal of affective disorders",
issn = "0165-0327",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Can high intensity interval training improve health outcomes among people with mental illness?

T2 - A systematic review and preliminary meta-analysis of intervention studies across a range of mental illnesses

AU - Martland, Rebecca

AU - Mondelli, Valeria

AU - Gaughran, Fiona

AU - Stubbs, Brendon

PY - 2020/2/15

Y1 - 2020/2/15

N2 - Background: High intensity interval training (HIIT) may have beneficial effects among people with mental illnesses. The aim of this systematic review was to establish the benefits, safety and adherence of HIIT interventions across all categories of mental illness. Methods: Major databases were searched from inception to 18/2/2019 for intervention studies investigating HIIT among people with mental illnesses. Study quality was assessed via the PEDro scale, intervention characteristics were reported using the TIDier and CERT checklists and findings narratively summarised. A preliminary meta-analysis was undertaken where possible. Results: 12 intervention studies, (including 7 RCTs), were included. Evidence suggested HIIT improved cardiorespiratory fitness (5/8 intervention studies,63%), anthropometric variables (3/4,75%), mental health outcomes (9/12, 75%), cardiovascular fitness (5/9,56%), physical fitness (1/1,100%) and motor skills (1/1,100%), compare to pre-training. The preliminary meta-analysis of pre-post changes found HIIT reduced depression severity (Standardised mean difference (SMD):-1.36 [95%CI-1.63;-1.089], p<0.0001) and possibly improved VO2max (SMD:0.18 [95%CI -0.02; 0.37], p = 0.08) in people with depression. HIIT increased High-Density-Lipoprotein (SMD:0.373 [95%CI 0.18; 0.57], p = 0.0002) and possibly reduced general psychopathology (SMD:-1.58 [95%CI -3.35; 0.18], p = 0.08) in people with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders. No acute injuries were reported, mean adherence to HIIT sessions ranged from 64–94%, and dropout ranged from 0-–50%. Limitations: Results were limited to a small number of low-to-moderate quality intervention studies. Conclusion: These findings suggest HIIT may improve a range of physical and mental health outcomes among people with mental illnesses. Nonetheless, high-quality well-powered trials are needed to reaffirm these findings, and future research should address the seemingly high rate of dropout.

AB - Background: High intensity interval training (HIIT) may have beneficial effects among people with mental illnesses. The aim of this systematic review was to establish the benefits, safety and adherence of HIIT interventions across all categories of mental illness. Methods: Major databases were searched from inception to 18/2/2019 for intervention studies investigating HIIT among people with mental illnesses. Study quality was assessed via the PEDro scale, intervention characteristics were reported using the TIDier and CERT checklists and findings narratively summarised. A preliminary meta-analysis was undertaken where possible. Results: 12 intervention studies, (including 7 RCTs), were included. Evidence suggested HIIT improved cardiorespiratory fitness (5/8 intervention studies,63%), anthropometric variables (3/4,75%), mental health outcomes (9/12, 75%), cardiovascular fitness (5/9,56%), physical fitness (1/1,100%) and motor skills (1/1,100%), compare to pre-training. The preliminary meta-analysis of pre-post changes found HIIT reduced depression severity (Standardised mean difference (SMD):-1.36 [95%CI-1.63;-1.089], p<0.0001) and possibly improved VO2max (SMD:0.18 [95%CI -0.02; 0.37], p = 0.08) in people with depression. HIIT increased High-Density-Lipoprotein (SMD:0.373 [95%CI 0.18; 0.57], p = 0.0002) and possibly reduced general psychopathology (SMD:-1.58 [95%CI -3.35; 0.18], p = 0.08) in people with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders. No acute injuries were reported, mean adherence to HIIT sessions ranged from 64–94%, and dropout ranged from 0-–50%. Limitations: Results were limited to a small number of low-to-moderate quality intervention studies. Conclusion: These findings suggest HIIT may improve a range of physical and mental health outcomes among people with mental illnesses. Nonetheless, high-quality well-powered trials are needed to reaffirm these findings, and future research should address the seemingly high rate of dropout.

KW - Anthropometric

KW - Cardiorespiratory fitness

KW - Cardiovascular

KW - High intensity interval training

KW - Mental health

KW - Systematic review

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85076107404&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jad.2019.11.039

DO - 10.1016/j.jad.2019.11.039

M3 - Review article

C2 - 31780128

VL - 263

SP - 629

EP - 660

JO - Journal of affective disorders

JF - Journal of affective disorders

SN - 0165-0327

ER -

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