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Can video interventions be used to effectively destigmatize mental illness among young people? A systematic review

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

M. Janoušková ; E. Tušková ; A. Weissová ; P. Trančík ; J. Pasz ; S. Evans-Lacko ; Petr Winkler

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Psychiatry
Volume41
Early online date3 Feb 2017
DOIs
StateE-pub ahead of print - 3 Feb 2017

King's Authors

Abstract

Video is considered to be an effective, easy to use tool employed in anti-stigma interventions among young people. Mass media has been shown to be effective for reducing stigma; however, there is insufficient evidence to determine the destigmatization effects of videos specifically. This article systematically reviews the effectiveness of video intervention in reducing stigma among young people between 13 and 25 years. We searched 13 electronic databases including randomized controlled trials, cluster randomized controlled trials, and controlled before and after studies. Of the 1426 abstracts identified, 23 studies (reported in 22 papers) met the inclusion criteria. Video interventions led to improvements in stigmatising attitudes. Video was found to be more effective than other interventions, such as classical face-to-face educational sessions or simulation of hallucinations. According to results of two studies, social contact delivered via video achieved similar destigmatization effect to that delivered via a live intervention. Although the quality of studies as well as the form of video interventions varied, the findings suggest that video is a promising destigmatization tool among young people; however, more studies in this area are needed. There was a lack of evidence for interventions outside of school environments, in low- and middle-income countries, and studies, which looked at long-term outcomes or measured impact on actual behaviour and implicit attitudes. The review generates recommendations for video interventions targeted at young people.

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