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Candidalysin: discovery and function in Candida albicans infections

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Julian R. Naglik, Sarah L. Gaffen, Bernhard Hube

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)100-109
Number of pages10
JournalCurrent Opinion in Microbiology
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2019

King's Authors


Candidalysin is a cytolytic peptide toxin secreted by the invasive form of the human pathogenic fungus, Candida albicans. Candidalysin is critical for mucosal and systemic infections and is a key driver of host cell activation, neutrophil recruitment and Type 17 immunity. Candidalysin is regarded as the first true classical virulence factor of C. albicans but also triggers protective immune responses. This review will discuss how candidalysin was discovered, the mechanisms by which this peptide toxin contributes to C. albicans infections, and how its discovery has advanced our understanding of fungal pathogenesis and disease.

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